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The use of primary raw materials in the upstream supply chain of EU-27 household consumption domains, million tonnes, 2020

Figure Created 02 Feb 2022 Published 10 Feb 2022 Last modified 21 Feb 2022
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To produce and handle all clothing, footwear and household textiles purchased by EU-27 households in 2020, an estimated 175 million tonnes of primary raw materials was used (391 kg per person), making this consumption domain the fifth highest impact category. Only 20% of primary material consumption takes place within Europe, which is the lowest ratio of all consumption domains, and shows that environmental impacts are exported to other parts of the world.

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Coefficient data based on Exiobase v.3.8.1 data combined with Eurostat consumption statistics 2020 data. This includes all activities in industry and service sectors in the production and supply chain of the textile products until the purchase by households. It excludes the use of the textile products and the treatment at end of life.

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