Projected numbers of people highly annoyed by transport noise, by noise band and transport source, in the EU-27 under conservative and optimistic scenarios for 2030

Figure Created 16 Aug 2022 Published 23 Sep 2022 Last modified 18 Aug 2022
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European data


Additional information

- The dataset covers population exposed in EU-27 to noise sources such as roads with more than 3 million vehicle passages a year, railways with more than 30,000 train passages per year and airports with more than 50,000 aircraft movements per year, as well as all roads, railways and airports in urban areas with more than 100,000 inhabitants

- The estimated number of people highly annoyed is based on functions outlined in the WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines (WHO Europe, 2018) and number of adults exposed to noise levels above 55 dB Lden due to road, rail and aircraft noise in areas covered by the END

- Levels below the END reporting threshold were extrapolated based on the WHO-recommended levels of 53dB Lden for road traffic, 54dB Lden for rail traffic and 45dB Lden for air traffic.

- The full methodology is described in “Projected health impacts from transportation noise-Exploring two scenarios for 2030” published by ETC/HE (2022)

- There may be double counting in locations where there is exposure from multiple sources


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage



Filed under: human health, transport, noise
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