Phenological sensitivity to temperature changes

Figure Created 12 Nov 2009 Published 12 Nov 2009 Last modified 08 Jun 2017
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In a study of 254 national records across nine countries, most phenological changes correlated significantly with mean monthly temperatures of the previous two months


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The earlier a spring event occurred, the stronger the effect of temperature. Phenophase groups included: (b0) Farmers activities, (b1) Spring and summer with different leafing, shooting and flowering phases, (b2) Autumn fruit ripening and (b3) Leaf colouring of deciduous trees in fall.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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