Overview of landfill taxes on municipal waste used in EU Member States, 2023

Figure Created 19 Apr 2023 Published 14 Jun 2023 Last modified 14 Jun 2023
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On the x-axis the tax levels in EUR per tonne of waste lanfilled are given, the dots in the graph represent the landfill tax for the specific Member State (MS). Some Member States use a minimum and maximum tax which is represented by two dots (lower and higher level) connected by a line. Further details are given in the Technical Note accompanying the briefing. EU average is calculated as a simple average of the tax level used by the MS, and for the MS using a minimum and a maximum, both the lower and uper level of the tax are taken into account, resulting in an average lower tax level and an average higher tax level.

European data


Additional information

Note: Belgium: average for Flanders and Wallonia, lower level applies to non-combustible waste, higher level to combustible waste. France: tax rate depends on landfill design. Slovakia: tax ranges from 11 to 33 euro per tonne (EUR/tonne) depending on the share of separately collected municipal waste in a municipality. Slovenia: tax applies to treatment residues of municipal waste. Poland, Spain: lower level applies to outputs of Mechanical-Biological Treatment plants, higher level to untreated municipal waste. Italy: taxes are defined by the regions within the nationally defined range. Malta has no landfill tax, but landfill gate fees apply to mixed waste deposited at public waste management facilities, which is set to increase from 40 EUR/tonne in 2023 up to 120 EUR/tonne in 2027. EU average: simple average of all Member States applying landfill taxes. Further details are described in the Technical note.


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage

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