Number of fatalities due to extreme temperatures across Europe, 1990-2016

Figure Created 02 Nov 2018 Published 04 Feb 2019 Last modified 08 Sep 2020
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This map presentes the number of people who died as a result of extremely low temperatures and cold weather spells between 1990 and 2016.

European data


Additional information

Source: CRED EM-DAT file (18 February 2018)
Notes: For an event to be included in EM-DAT, at least one of the following criteria needs to be met: (i) 10 or more people killed; (ii) 100 or more people affected; (iii) declaration of a state of emergency; (iv) call for international assistance (CRED, 2018). Therefore, the maps may not provide a complete number of fatalities linked to extreme temperatures. The number of heat-related fatalities in the period 1990-2016 was heavily affected by the heatwaves of 2003. The number of cold-related fatalities includes both victims of ‘coldwaves’ and ‘extreme winter conditions’.


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage


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