Relative change in land cover within 10 km of the coast in 27 European countries * 2000–2006

Figure Created 12 Nov 2010 Published 12 Nov 2010 Last modified 29 Nov 2012
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* including 20 EU Member States, data not available for Greece and the United Kingdom.




Additional information

Between 2000 and 2006 three main types of coastal land-use trends occured:

  • artificial surfaces increased by almost 1 500 km2 (slightly smaller than the surface of Tenerife);
  • pasture and mixed farmland showed a major decrease of more than 500 km2;
  • arable lands and permanent crops decreased by 400 km2.

These figures should be read in conjunction with those for Coastal ecosystems (figure 9.1). It can be seen that the general impacts in the (wider) coastal zone are greater as a proportion of area to those specifically within coastal ecosystems.