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Figure

Global (above) and European (below) annual average near-surface temperature anomalies relative to the pre-industrial period 1850-1900

Figure Created 10 Jun 2024 Last modified 11 Jun 2024
2 min read
Above chart: Global annual averages of near-surface temperature of land and ocean expressed as the anomaly relative to the pre-industrial period 1850-1900 according to the datasets used by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S): ERA5 (C3S/ECMWF), JRA-55 (JMA), GISTEMPv4 (NASA), HadCRUT5 (Met Office Hadley Centre), NOAAGlobalTempv6 (NOAA) and Berkeley Earth. Below chart: European annual averages of near-surface temperature expressed as the anomaly relative to the pre-industrial period 1850-1900 according to the datasets used by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S): ERA5 (C3S/ECMWF), JRA-55 (JMA), GISTEMPv4 (NASA), HadCRUT5 (Met Office Hadley Centre), NOAAGlobalTempv6 (NOAA) and Berkeley Earth.

European data

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Additional information

Above chart: Data are based on 12 month callendar year averaging. Data for Europe and the Arctic are over land only. HadCRUT5 dataset refers to the ensemble mean, the minimum and maximum values for the HadCRUT5 ensemble are included. 

Below chart: Data are based on 12 month callendar year averaging. Europe is defined as the land-only part of the bounded lat/lon box 25°W - 40°E, 34°N - 72°N. HadCRUT5 dataset refers to the ensemble mean, the minimum and maximum values for the HadCRUT5 ensemble are included.

Filed under: climate change, temperature
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