next
previous
items

Figure

Global (left) and European land (right) average near-surface temperatures anomalies relative to the pre-industrial period

Figure Created 13 Dec 2021 Published 15 Dec 2021 Last modified 15 Dec 2021
2 min read
Left chart: Global annual averages of near-surface temperature of land and ocean expressed as the anomaly relative to the pre-industrial period 1850-1900 according to the datasets used by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S): ERA5 (C3S/ECMWF), JRA-55 (JMA), GISTEMPv4 (NASA), HadCRUT5 (Met Office Hadley Centre), NOAAGlobalTempv5 (NOAA) and Berkeley Earth. Right chart: European annual averages of near-surface temperature expressed as the anomaly relative to the pre-industrial period 1850-1900 according to the datasets used by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S): ERA5 (C3S/ECMWF), JRA-55 (JMA), GISTEMPv4 (NASA), HadCRUT5 (Met Office Hadley Centre), NOAAGlobalTempv5 (NOAA).

European data

Metadata

Additional information

Left chart: Data are based on 12 month callendar year averaging. Data for Europe and the Arctic are over land only. HadCRUT5 dataset refers to the ensemble mean, the minimum and maximum values for the HadCRUT5 ensemble are included. 

Right chart: Data are based on 12 month callendar year averaging.  Europe is defined as the land-only part of the bounded lat/lon box 25°W – 40°E, 34°N – 72°N. HadCRUT5 dataset refers to the ensemble mean, the minimum and maximum values for the HadCRUT5 ensemble are included. 

Permalinks

Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage

Topics

Tags

Filed under: climate change, temperature
Document Actions