Progress towards achieving climate targets in the EU-27

Figure Created 09 Oct 2023 Published 25 Oct 2023 Last modified 25 Oct 2023
1 min read
This figure shows the historical and future trends in net greenhouse gas emissions (including international aviation) for the EU-27, alongside key targets for 2020, 2030 and 2050.

European data


Additional information

The net EU Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions shown in this figure include emissions from Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) activities, as well as emissions from international aviation, in line with the EU Nationally Determined Contribution as submitted in 2020. The 2022 value is based on approximated inventory reports. The GHG projections are based on the most recent data submitted by Member States in March 2023 under article 8 of the Governance Regulation. The 2020 target, defined without taking into account LULUCF emissions and removals, has been translated into a net emissions target by multiplying net 1990 emissions with 80%, while the 2030 and 2050 targets correspond to the reduction objectives of -55% and climate neutrality, respectively, as included in the European Climate Law.


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage


Document Actions