Additional information on health impacts from transport noise at EU level in 2017

Figure Created 30 Jun 2022 Published 04 Jul 2022 Last modified 04 Jul 2022
3 min read
The figure shows information on the number of people estimated to be highly annoyed and highly sleep disturbed due to noise from road, railway and aircraft. It also shows information on the estimated number of cases per year of IHD and premature deaths. All the values of the table are used to calculate the Burden of Disease (BoD) in Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)

European data


Additional information

•    The risk of developing negative health effects when exposure is long- term, start to occur below the END thresholds. The WHO recommends reducing noise levels to 53 dB Lden and 45 dB Lnight for road traffic, 54 dB Lden and 44 dB Lnight for rail traffic, and 45 dB Lden and 40 dB Lnight for air traffic.

•    This chart is based on data officially reported by countries under the EU Environmental Noise Directive (2002/49/EC). There are inconsistencies across countries, as Member States were allowed to use their own national methods.

•    There may be double counting in locations where there is exposure from multiple sources. It is estimated that double counting is less than 13% for high annoyance and 16% for high sleep disturbance (ETC/ACM, 2018).

•    High annoyance and sleep disturbance are prevalent cases, and ischaemic heart disease and premature mortality refer to are incident cases per year. Values are rounded.


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage



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Filed under: health impacts
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