Data Visualization

Primary and final energy consumption (2005-2017) and targets (2020 and 2030)

Data Visualization Created 28 Aug 2018 Published 06 Mar 2019 Last modified 06 Mar 2019
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The 2020 target represents energy savings of 20 % from levels projected for 2020 in the Commission's Energy Baseline Scenario. The indicative 2030 energy efficiency target represents an improved energy efficiency of at least 30 % compared with 2030 projections in the same Energy Baseline Scenario.

In this assessment the target is expressed as a relative change compared to 2005 levels of EU primary energy consumption, to show the required reduction in primary energy consumption over time. The year 2005 was chosen because it is used as a base year for GHG (in the EU ETS and under the ESD) and for renewable energy targets. It also corresponds to a peak in energy consumption in the EU.


Based on:

  • Primary and final energy consumption data from Eurostat, reported by MS under the Energy Statistics Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 and published in the energy statistics database.
  • 2016 approximated estmates for energy consumption estimated by EEA.

Targets and trajectories based on:

  • Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC and updates by MS in their national energy efficiency action plans (NEEAPs).The energy efficiency target for 2020 is defined as an absolute target, set 20 % below the level in primary energy consumption projected for 2020 in the 2007 Energy Baseline scenario of the European Commission.

Data sources

Primary Energy Consumption (t2020_33) provided by European Commission
Final energy consumption by sector (tsdpc320) provided by European Commission
Energy Efficiency - 2020 Targets provided by European Commission
Energy Efficiency - 2030 Targets provided by European Council
Approximated primary energy consumption (update coming soon) provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Indicative trajectories for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy, from national renewable energy action plans (NREAPs) provided by European Commission
Approximated final energy consumption provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)

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