Current progress of Member States towards their ESD targets

Data Visualization Created 08 Sep 2017 Last modified 08 Sep 2017
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Each bar and bullet represents a percentage change in the greenhouse gas emissions covered under Decision 406/2009/EC (the Effort Sharing Decision, ESD) between the 2005 base-year level and 2015 or 2016, at national level. See section "methodology" for further details on the calculation of base-year levels.

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Member States are ranked according to their 2020 ESD targets, from the largest required reduction (Luxembourg, which has a target of –20 %) to the largest allowed increase (Bulgaria, which has a target of +20 %) compared with 2005 base-year levels.

Methodology:

Based on:
• 2015 greenhouse gas emissions covered by the ESD as determined following the 2017 annual review of national greenhouse gas inventory data pursuant to Article 19(1) of Regulation (EU) No 525/2013;
• 2016 approximated ESD emissions calculated by EEA on the basis of:
- 2016 approximated GHG inventories submitted by 31/07/2017 + gap-filling, under Article 8 of Regulation (EU) No 525/2013;
- 2016 ETS verified emissions (EUTL extract of 20/07/2017);
- 2016 CO2 emissions from domestic aviation from 2016 GHG inventories;
- 2016 total NF3 emissions from 2016 GHG inventories;
• 2005 ESD base-year levels, calculated by EEA so as to be consistent with the relative 2020 ESD target (expressed in the 2009 ESD as a percentage of 2005 emissions) and the absolute 2020 target (set in a 2013 Commission Decision). The EEA calculates 2005 ‘ESD base-year emissions’ as follows: ESD base-year emissions = 2020 absolute target/(1 + % of 2020 ESD target).

Data sources

Approximated greenhouse gas emissions provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Verified emissions under the EU ETS provided by European Commission
2015 greenhouse gas emissions covered by Decision 406/2009/EC (the ESD) provided by European Commission
Commission Decision 2013/162/EU provided by European Commission
Commission Implementing Decision 2013/634/EU provided by European Commission

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