The IPCC was established to provide the decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters. Its role is to assess on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis the latest scientific, technical and socio-economic literature produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change, its observed and projected impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation.
The Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) was established by the IPCC to oversee the IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (IPCC-NGGIP). The objectives of the IPCC-NGGIP are to develop and refine an internationally-agreed methodology and software for the calculation and reporting of national GHG emissions and removals, and to encourage the widespread use of this methodology by countries participating in the IPCC and by signatories of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This Digest is a faithful summary of the leading scientific consensus report produced in 2007 by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): "Fourth Assessment Report (AR4)". More specifically, it is a summary of the reports by the three Working Groups: "The Physical Science Basis” (WGI), "Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability" (WGII), and "Mitigation of Climate Change" (WGIII).
RealClimate is a commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists. It aims to provide a quick response to developing stories and provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream commentary. The discussion is restricted to scientific topics and does not get involved in any political or economic implications of the science.
The Met Office recognises that climate change is a complex subject. There are genuine areas of uncertainty and scientific controversy. There are also a number of misunderstandings and myths which are recycled, often by non-climate scientists, and portrayed as scientific fact. Recent coverage has questioned the influence of humans on the climate. While the arguments used might have been regarded as genuine areas of sceptical enquiry 20 years ago, further observed warming and advances in climate science render these out of touch.
The Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Environment is a one-stop source of information, for younger and older users alike, on a range of atmospheric issues, including air quality, acid rain, global warming and ozone depletion. It has been written by the Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme, and is supported by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) in the UK.
A fact sheet on global warming. The purpose of NASA’s Earth Observatory is to provide a freely-accessible publication on the Internet where the public can obtain new satellite imagery and scientific information about our home planet. The focus is on Earth’s climate and environmental change.
The following link provides comprehensive information on natural catastrophies and weather-related events, their risks and related economic losses since 1974. The observed increase in economic losses is due to various factors, including increases in wealth and infrastructure and more frequent extreme weather events. According to climate projections, it is very likely that hot extremes, heat waves and heavy precipitation events will continue to become more frequent. The economic and social costs of those events will increase, and these increases will be substantial in the areas most directly affected.
EM-DAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 16 000 mass disasters in the world from 1990 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and agencies. The main objective of the database is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels. It is an initiative aimed to rationalise decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting.
The Geneva Association is a leading international “think tank” of the insurance industry. In this role, The Geneva Association detects early ideas and emerging debates on political, economic and societal issues concerning the insurance industry, inspires and initiates further research into and analysis of such issues, organises debates on the issues detected and disseminates research results and analysis as well as pushes underlying ideas among clearly defined target groups. Their research programs include themes dealing with risk management or climate change issues.