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Late lessons from early warnings: the precautionary principle 1896-2000

Late lessons from early warnings is about the gathering of information on the hazards of human economic activities and its use in taking action to better protect both the environment and the health of the species and ecosystems that are dependent on it, and then living with the consequences. The report is based on case studies. The authors of the case studies, all experts in their particular field of environmental, occupational and consumer hazards, were asked to identify the dates of early warnings, to analyse how this information was used, or not used, in reducing hazards, and to describe the resulting costs, benefits and lessons for the future.

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Air pollution by ozone in Europe in 1997 and summer 1998

This report summarises the annual information on ozone monitoring stations and exceedances of ozone threshold values during 1997 and gives a first evaluation of the observed exceedances of the thresholds during Summer 1998 (April-August).

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100