Progress towards halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010
Topics: Biodiversity ,
EEA Report No 5/2006
This report assesses farmland, forests, freshwater ecosystems, marine and coastal systems, wetlands of international importance and mountain ecosystems in order to provide evidence of progress — or lack of progress — towards the 2010 target of halting the loss of biodiversity.
- EEA (European Environment Agency)
- OPOCE (Office for Official Publications of the European Communities)
- Published: 30 May 2006
- eea_report_5_2006.pdf [18.0 MB]
EU habitats directive: sufficiency of Member State proposals for designated sites (EU-15, September 2004) As shown in the ''sufficiency'' indicator, some countries need to strengthen their contribution to Natura 2000 under the habitats directive
Conversion processess in farmland in selected European countries between 1990 and 2000 Only title has changed from version 1.
Change in ecological status of Ramsar sites within the EEA member countries according to national reports to the Ramsar Convention
Trends in EU farmland bird populations in some EU countries between 1980 and 2003 based on 24 characteristic bird species
Concentrations of hazardous substances in fish from the north-east Atlantic and Baltic regions It should be noted that the lack of consistent or reliable data from the marine conventions or EEA counties inhibits adequate assessment of concentrations and trends of hazardous substances in European marine water
Share of targeted agricultural habitat types (dependent on extensive farming practices) within Natura 2000 sites
Inter-annual variation of loggerhead turtle nesting activity (emergences and nests) at Laganas Bay, during the 19-year study period (1984-2002) The graph shows the Inter-annual variation of loggerhead turtle nesting activity (emergences and nests) at Laganas Bay
Land cover change from 1990 to 2000 expressed as % of the 1990 level, aggregated into EUNIS habitat level 1 categories
Overlap between areas with high poverty and high population density and areas with high biodiversity
Population trends of agriculture-related butterfly species in prime butterfly areas Denmark and Luxembourg do not retain key butterfly species that rely on agricultural habitats.
Relation between plant diversity decline and plant productivity, expressed in hay yield, in various grassland types in Europe
Regional water abstraction rates for agriculture (million m3/year) during 2000 The map illustrates the IRENA 22 sub-indicator that estimates regional water abstraction rates for agriculture, calculated by weighting national reported water abstraction rates by regional irrigable area
Forest area under certification Countries are included when the area of certified forest exceeds 10 000 ha and certified forest as proportion of total forest area exceeds 5 %.
Special protection areas (SPAs) established under the EU birds directive (EU-25) As declared by Member States in the Standard Data Form (COM 97/266/EC)
Percentage of inclusion of globally threatened species occurring in EU-25 in protected species lists of EU directives and the Bern Convention
Map of distribution of Ramsar sites within the EEA member countries (open circles), indicating sites designated to protect threatened species (green) The locations of designated Ramsar sites are shown on this map as circles which are not related to the scale of the designated wetlands.
Number of culled Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) and Red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the Swiss Alps and Jura mountains
Relative population size of water bird species for 1989-2002 within Ramsar sites Relative population size is based on the mean of combined population levels
Regional importance of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming and the trend 1990-2000 The map shows the regional trends of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming (the input size indicates the amount of money spent on fertilisers, crop protection and concentrated feedstuff)
Trends in birds and butterfly populations in EU-25 (% decline) The number in brackets show the number of species taken into account for each habitat type
Forest area in Sites proposed under the Habitats Directive: Total area of forest by biogeographical region of the EU-15
Number of survey sites in England and Scotland with otter evidence, and numbers of otters in Denmark, Latvia and the Netherlands
Distribution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds (cattle, pig, sheep, goat and poultry) in EU-15 Distribution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds
Development of mean plot concentration in open-field measurements of sulphate (SO4, 285 plots), nitrate (NO3, 294 plots), and ammonium (NH4, 294 plots); 1996-2001
Number of large trees (defined as >70 cm in southern and central Europe and >50 cm in northern Europe) per 100 ha for countries with available time-series data
The EU Natura2000 network of designated areas (both SPAs and SCIs) across biogeographic regions SPA = Special Protected Areas
Agricultural land in proposed sites of Community Interest (pSCIs) under the habitats directive, as a proportion of the total areas designated as pSCI sites
Trends in concentration of cadmium and mercury at river stations included in the EU Exchange of Information Decision In less polluted areas in, for example, Nordic countries, concentrations of cadmium and mercury are only 10 and 1 % of these values
Concentrations of total ammonium, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrate and orthophosphate in European rivers between 1992 and 2002 Concentrations are average of the annual average concentrations per year
Summary of trends in winter nitrate and phosphate concentration, and N/P ratio in the coastal waters of the North Atlantic (mostly Celtic Seas), the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean and the North Sea, 1985-2003 Trend analyses are based on time series 1985-2003 from each monitoring station having at least 3 years data in the period 1995-2003 and at least 5 years data in all
Decreasing the size of clear-cuts as shown in a middle boreal forest landscape in Halsingland, Sweden
Proportion of total surface area designated under the birds directive, protected only by national instruments and covered by both (special protection areas - SPAs) The figure shows the proportion of total surface area designated under the birds directive, protected only by national instruments and covered by both (special protection areas - SPAs)
Pan-European marine ecosystems The large marine ecosystems (LMEs) project was created in support of the global objectives of Chapter 17 of Agenda 21, as a follow-up to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
Availability of suitable white-backed woodpecker habitat in Finland for the time period when the population showed a rapid decline in numbers. Proper habitat destroyed is relative to the initial period 1956/1960
Number of salmon returning to the rivers in England, France and Scotland since the 1970s England: River Thames
Percentage of coastal surface covered by Natura 2000 designated areas Refers to 10 km zone for terrestrial and for marine side, respectively.
Proportion of total surface area designated only for the habitats directive, protected only by national instruments, and covered by both (sites of Community importance - SCIs) The figure shows the proportion of total surface area designated only for the habitats directive, protected only by national instruments, and covered by both (sites of Community importance - SCIs)
Proposed sites of Community Importance according to the habitats directive (EU-25) pSCIs on land as percentage of country area and in marine as absolute area.
Trends in intensity of farming for selected types of farms (derived typology) between 1990 and 2000 in EU-12 The numbers in brackets indicate the area share of each farm type in total utilised agricultural area in 2000.
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