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You are here: Home / Media / News / EU greenhouse gas emissions fall for third consecutive year

EU greenhouse gas emissions fall for third consecutive year

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European Union emissions of climate-changing greenhouse gases (GHG) declined for the third consecutive year in 2007, according to the EU's GHG inventory report compiled by the European Environment Agency. The EU-27's overall domestic emissions were 9.3 % below 1990 levels, which equalled a drop of 1.2 % or 59 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent compared to 2006. The EU-15 now stands 5 % below its Kyoto Protocol base year levels.

A strong Copenhagen agreement later this year would drive forward investments vital to our future prosperity.

Professor Jacqueline McGlade, EEA Executive Director

Falling emissions since 2005 have largely resulted from the lower use of fossil fuels (particularly oil and gas) in households and services — these sectors, not covered by the EU Emission Trading System (ETS), are among the largest sources of GHG emissions in the EU. Warmer weather and higher fuel prices were the primary causes for the drop in emissions in 2006–2007, with most of the decrease occurring in households — particularly in Germany.

Welcoming the reductions, Professor Jacqueline McGlade, EEA Executive Director, stressed that EU Member States need to take positive steps to sustain progress in coming years.

"The economic stimulus packages that Governments are currently adopting represent a crucial opportunity to address the climate crisis and the financial crisis simultaneously", Professor McGlade said. "A strong Copenhagen agreement later this year would drive forward investments vital to our future prosperity."

Selected highlights of the report

  • Seventeen EU Member States reduced GHG emissions in 2007. Among EU-15 States, all but Spain and Greece reduced emissions.
  • GHG emissions from international aviation and maritime transport, currently excluded in the national totals, have grown steadily since 1990, reaching 6 % of total EU emissions in 2007.
  • The report includes for the first time information on the use of data and emissions reported under the EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) for the purposes of preparing national GHG inventories in the EU-15. Most Member States used the ETS data to improve and refine the estimation and reporting of CO2 emissions.
  • The report also contains, for the first time, key information about Member State emission allowances under the Kyoto Protocol.

Inventory data becomes more accessible for experts and the public

The European Environment Agency has updated the data in the greenhouse gas (GHG) data viewer, a web-based interface that simplifies access and analysis of the data in the GHG inventory report. The GHG data viewer can show emission trends for the main sectors and allows comparison of emissions between different countries and activities. In addition, the data viewer can produce graphics and key emission estimates.

Background on the inventory report

The EEA report ' Annual European Community greenhouse gas inventory 1990–2007 and inventory report 2009' has been submitted to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as the European Community's official submission..

The UNFCCC, with 192 Parties, is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. Their common goal is to stabilise GHG concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous human interference with the climate system.

EU-27: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom.

EU-15: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom.

 

Table 1: Greenhouse gas emissions in CO2-equivalents (excluding carbon sinks) and Kyoto Protocol targets for 2008–2012

MEMBER STATE

1990

Kyoto Protocol
base year (1)

2007

Change 2006–2007

Change 2006–2007

Change 1990-2007

Change base year–2007

Targets 2008–12 under Kyoto Protocol and "EU burden sharing"

(million tonnes)

(million tonnes)

(million tonnes)

(million tonnes)

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

Austria

79,0

79,0

88,0

-3,6

-3,9%

11,3%

11,3%

-13,0%

Belgium

143,2

145,7

131,3

-5,3

-3,9%

-8,3%

-9,9%

-7,5%

Denmark

69,1

69,3

66,6

-4,4

-6,2%

-3,5%

-3,9%

-21,0%

Finland

70,9

71,0

78,3

-1,6

-2,0%

10,6%

10,3%

0,0%

France

562,6

563,9

531,1

-10,6

-2,0%

-5,6%

-5,8%

0,0%

Germany

1215,2

1232,4

956,1

-23,9

-2,4%

-21,3%

-22,4%

-21,0%

Greece

105,6

107,0

131,9

3,8

2,9%

24,9%

23,2%

25,0%

Ireland

55,4

55,6

69,2

-0,5

-0,7%

25,0%

24,5%

13,0%

Italy

516,3

516,9

552,8

-10,2

-1,8%

7,1%

6,9%

-6,5%

Luxembourg

13,1

13,2

12,9

-0,39

-2,9%

-1,6%

-1,9%

-28,0%

Netherlands

212,0

213,0

207,5

-1,0

-0,5%

-2,1%

-2,6%

-6,0%

Portugal

59,3

60,1

81,8

-2,9

-3,4%

38,1%

36,1%

27,0%

Spain

288,1

289,8

442,3

9,3

2,1%

53,5%

52,6%

15,0%

Sweden

71,9

72,2

65,4

-1,5

-2,2%

-9,1%

-9,3%

4,0%

United Kingdom

771,1

776,3

636,7

-11,2

-1,7%

-17,4%

-18,0%

-12,5%

EU-15

4232,9

4265,5

4052,0

-64,0

-1,6%

-4,3%

-5,0%

-8,0%

Bulgaria

117,7

132,6

75,5

4,2

5,9%

-35,8%

-43,0%

-8,0%

Cyprus

5,5

Not applicable

10,1

0,2

1,6%

85,3%

Not applicable

Not applicable

Czech Republic

194,7

194,2

150,8

1,7

1,2%

-22,5%

-22,4%

-8,0%

Estonia

41,9

42,6

22,0

2,8

14,8%

-47,5%

-48,3%

-8,0%

Hungary

99,2

115,4

75,9

-2,9

-3,7%

-23,5%

-34,2%

-6,0%

Latvia

26,7

25,9

12,1

0,4

3,5%

-54,7%

-53,4%

-8,0%

Lithuania

49,1

49,4

24,7

1,9

8,1%

-49,6%

-49,9%

-8,0%

Malta

2,0

Not applicable

3,0

0,07

2,3%

45,7%

Not applicable

Not applicable

Poland

459,5

563,4

398,9

-0,4

-0,1%

-13,2%

-29,2%

-6,0%

Romania

243,0

278,2

152,3

-1,6

-1,0%

-37,3%

-45,3%

-8,0%

Slovakia

73,3

72,1

47,0

-2,0

-4,1%

-35,9%

-34,8%

-8,0%

Slovenia

18,6

20,4

20,7

0,2

0,7%

11,6%

1,8%

-8,0%

EU-27

5564,0

Not applicable

5045,1

-59,4

-1,2%

-9,3%

Not applicable

Not applicable

(1) The base year under the Kyoto Protocol for each Member State and EU-15 is further outlined in Table 1.4 and 1.5 in the report. As Cyprus, Malta and EU-27 do not have targets under the Kyoto Protocol, they do not have applicable Kyoto Protocol base years.

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