Causes of loss of coastal ecosystems
Between 2000 and 2006:
- 8 km2 of coastal ecosystems (dunes, salt marshes andsalines) were lost with around 65 % of the change due to coastal erosion and 16 % due to sprawl of economic sites and infrastructure such as airports;
- 26 km2 of coastal ecosystems (intertidal flats, lagoons and estuaries) were gained through the creation and management of water bodies.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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