Natura 2000 data - the European network of protected sites

Data
Prod-ID: DAT-68-en
Created 09 Apr 2019 Published 12 Apr 2019 Last modified 12 Apr 2019
15 min read
Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Natura 2000 is based on the 1979 Birds Directive and the 1992 Habitats Directive. This version covers the reporting in 2018.

European data

Natura 2000 - Tabular data (12 tables)

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BIOREGION (29503 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
BIOGEOGRAPHICREG Indicate in wich beogreograhic region the site is falling.
PERCENTAGE Percentage of the surface of the site affected by the biogeographic region where the site is falling.

 

DESIGNATIONSTATUS (81387 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
DESIGNATIONCODE Designation code at regional or national level.
DESIGNATEDSITENAME Name of the sites related with the described site.
OVERLAPCODE Relationship code. =: types are coincident; +: the described site includes another site completely; -: the other site includes the described site completely; *: the two sites partially overlap
OVERLAPPERC The percentage of the described site that is overlapping with the other site.

 

DIRECTIVESPECIES (2315 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
DIRECTIVE Name of the Directive.
SPECIESNAME Sientific name of the species in the Annex of the Directive.
ANNEXII Species listed in Annex II of the Directive. y=Yes, N=no
ANNEXII1 Species listed in Annex II1 of the Directive. y=Yes, N=no
ANNEXII2 Species listed in Annex II2 of the Directive. y=Yes, N=no
ANNEXIII1 Species listed in Annex III1 of the Directive. y=Yes, N=no
ANNEXIII2 Species listed in Annex III2 of the Directive. y=Yes, N=no
ANNEXIV Species listed in Annex IV of the Directive.
ANNEXV Species listed in Annex V of the Directive.

 

HABITATS (151115 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
HABITATCODE Code for the habitat type listed in AnnexI of Directive 92/43/EEC.
DESCRIPTION Name of the habitat type listed in AnnexI of Directive 92/43/EEC.
HABITAT_PRIORITY When the priority of the habitat is present in the legislation, a "*" indicates a priority habitat.
PRIORITY_FORM_HABITAT_TYPE For the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form; value "1" indicates a priority form.
NON_PRESENCE_IN_SITE In case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site, a value "1" is entered.
COVER_HA Area cover in hectares.
CAVES % Cover the site is covered by a habitat type of AnnexI.
REPRESENTATIVITY Ddegree of representativity of the habitat type on the site.
RELSURFACE Area of the site covered by the natural habitat type in relation to the total area covered by that natural habitat type within the national territory.
CONSERVATION Degree of conservation of the structure and functions of the natural habitat type, concerned and restoration possiblities.
GLOBAL_ASSESSMENT Global assesment of the value of the site conservation of the natural habitat type concerned.
DATAQUALITY Assessment of the quality of data provided for habitats. G: 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M: 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P: 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)
PERCENTAGE_COVER Percentage cover for an habitat from the total habitats cover for the site.
INTRODUCTION_CANDIDATE Habitat type referred to in Annex I to Directive 92/43/EEC considered as a candidate for introduction on the site.

 

HABITATCLASS (143499 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
DESCRIPTION Name of the general habitat class in English.
HABITATCODE Code of the general habitat class.
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
PERCENTAGECOVER Percentage cover for an habitat class from the total habitats cover for the site.

 

NATURA2000SITES (27863 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
COUNTRY_CODE Two digit country code the site belongs to.
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
SITENAME Site name in the local language.
SITETYPE Type of classification for the site. A: SPA (Special Protection Areas); B: SCI (Special Conservation Interest); C: both SPA and SCI.
DATE_COMPILATION The date information has been recorded in the Standard Data Form. The data field takes the form of the year (four digits) followed by the month in numeric form (two digits).
DATE_UPDATE The date when the information reported for the site was last changed. The data field takes the form of the year (four digits) followed by the month in numeric form (two digits).
DATE_SPA Date site classified as SPA.
SPA_LEGAL_REFERENCE The legal statement by the national authority in which the site was ammended as SPA.
DATE_PROP_SCI Date site proposed as eligible for identification as a Site of Community importance (SCI).
DATE_CONF_SCI Date site has been confirmed as a Site of Community importance (SCI).
DATE_SAC Date site designated as SAC.
SAC_LEGAL_REFERENCE The legal statement by the national authority in which the site was ammended as SAC.
EXPLANATIONS Additional explanations given by the country to support the dates designations.
AREAHA Surface area of a site in hectares. Although it is an obligatory field, the value -99 is given for sites for witch the areas is unkown. A value of 0 cab be correct if the site is a cave or cliff. In this case the field 2.3 is obligatory.
LENGTHKM Site length is entered in kilometers.
MARINE_AREA_PERCENTAGE Percentage of the site considwered as marine.
DOCUMENTATION Addtional documentation existing as a reference for the site.
QUALITY Description of the site in terms of ecological quality.
DESIGNATION The local name of the oficial designation of the site.
OTHERCHARACT Additional description in the local language about the site.
LATITUDE The geographic coordinate in decimals of the site centre. (ETRS89 projection).
LONGITUDE The geographic coordinate in decimals of the site centre. (ETRS89 projection).

 

OTHERSPECIES (320532 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
COUNTRY_CODE Two digit country code the site belongs to.
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
SPECIESGROUP Species group. Reptiles, Birds, Amphibians, Mammals, Invertebrates, Fish, Plants
SPECIESNAME Sientific name of an important species of flora and fauna in the site.
SPECIESCODE Code the species listed in Article 4(1) and 4(2) of the bird directive 79/409/EEC and Annex II of Council Directive 92/43/EEC.
MOTIVATION Motivation for listing these other important species in the site. IV: Species of Annex IV (Habitats Directive); V: Species of Annex V (Habitats Directive); A: National Red List Data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions (including Berne, Bonn and Biodiversity); D: Other reasons
SENSITIVE States if a species is sensitive or not for its publication. 0: no sensitive; 1: sensitive
NONPRESENCEINSITE In case that a species no longer exists in the site a value "1" is entered.
LOWERBOUND Lower limits for the species population size.
UPPERBOUND Upper limits for the species population size.
ABUNDANCE_CATEGORY Species population abudance category. C: common; R: rare; V: very rare; P: present
COUNTING_UNIT Units of population, i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting.
INTRODUCTION_CANDIDATE Other species considered as a candidate for introduction on the site.

 

IMPACT (203042 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
IMPACTCODE Human activity and natural process that may have an influence, either positive or negative, on the conservation and management of the site.
DESCRIPTION Inside or outside the surounding of the site. The surrounding is the area where the outside impacts and activities may effect the integreity of the site.
INTENSITY Indicates the rank of the impact. HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW
POLLUTIONCODE Code of the type of pollution. Nitrogen input - N, Phosphor/Phosphate input -P, Acidification -A, Toxic inorganic chemicals -T, Toxic organic chemicals -O, Mixed pollution-X
OCCURRENCE Indicate whether the influence is positive (+) or negative (-).
IMPACT_TYPE Indicate whether the influence is positive (P) or negative (N).

 

MANAGEMENT (33423 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
ORG_NAME Name of the body(ies) responsible for the site management.
ORG_EMAIL E-mail of the body(ies) responsible for the site management.
MANAG_CONSERV_MEASURES Conservation measures published by the management plan if exists.
MANAG_PLAN Name of the actual management for the site.
MANAG_PLAN_URL URL link of the actual management for the site.
MANAG_STATUS Status of the actual management plan. Y: Yes; P: No, but in preparation; N: No
ORG_LOCATORNAME Address locator name (e.g. street) where resides the body responsible of the management.
ORG_DESIGNATOR Address unit designator where resides the body responsible of the management.
ORG_ADMINUNIT The local administrative unit where resides the body responsible of the management.
ORG_POSTCODE Postcode of the address of the body responsible of the management.
ORG_POSTNAME Postname of the address of the body responsible of the management.
ORG_ADDRESS Address where resides the body responsible of the management.
ORG_ADDRESS_UNSTRUCTURED The address of the body responsible of the management.

 

SPECIES (401384 records)

 

Element nameElement definitionValue definitions
COUNTRY_CODE Two digit country code the site belongs to.
SITECODE Unique code wich forms the key-item within the database. The unique code comprises nine characters and consists of two components. The first two codes are the country code the remaining seven characters, which serve to create a unqiue alphanumeric code for each site.
SPECIESNAME Sientific name of the protected species.
SPECIESCODE Code the species listed in Article 4(1) and 4(2) of the bird directive 79/409/EEC and Annex II of Council Directive 92/43/EEC.
REF_SPGROUP Species Group from the reference ETC lookup species list. Reptiles, Birds, Amphibians, Mammals, Invertebrates, Fish, Plants
SPGROUP Species Group. Reptiles, Birds, Amphibians, Mammals, Invertebrates, Fish, Plants
SENSITIVE States if a species is sensitive or not for its publication. 0: no sensitive; 1: sensitive
NONPRESENCEINSITE In case that a species no longer exists in the site a value "1" is entered.
POPULATION_TYPE Population status for the species. p: permanent; r: reproducing; c: concentration; w: wintering
LOWERBOUND Lower limits for the species population size.
UPPERBOUND Upper limits for the species population size.
COUNTING_UNIT Units of population, i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting.
ABUNDANCE_CATEGORY Species population abudance category. C: common; R: rare; V: very rare; P: present
DATAQUALITY Assessment of the quality of data provided for habitats. G: 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M: 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P: 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)
POPULATION Size and density of the population of the species present on the site in relation to the populations present within national territory. A: 100% >= p > 15%; B: 15% >=p> 2%; C: 2% >=p> 0%; D: non-significant population
CONSERVATION Degree of conservation of the features of the habitat importat for the species. A: conservation excelent; B: good conservation; C: Average or reduced conservation
ISOLATION Degree of isolation of the population present on the site in relation to the natural range of the species. A: population (almost) isolated; B: population not-isolated, but on margins of area of distribution; C: population not-isolated within extended distribution range.
GLOBAL Global assesment if the value of the site for conservation of the species concerened. A: excellent value; B: good value; C: significant value.
INTRODUCTION_CANDIDATE Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC or species listed in Annex II to Directive 92/43/EEC considered as a candidate for introduction on the site.

 

METADATA (4 records)

 

Parameter nameParameter definition
DATABASE_CREATED Date of the creation of the data base version.
DATABASE_VERSION Version name of the database.
SOURCE_FILES Files used delivered by the MS for the production of the database version.
DATABASE_TYPES Provides the type of database, official for internal use (ETC, COMM and EEA and public for publication over the Data and Maps EEA site.

GIS data

Natura 2000 - Spatial data
  • Natura 2000 End 2018 - Shapefile
    Download file
  • Natura 2000 End 2018 - OGC Geopackage
    Download file
  • INSPIRE compliant metadata set
    Download file

Additional information

Table definitions

Definition and field description of all data tables.

Metadata

Additional information

About this data

Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs).

The European database on Natura 2000 sites consists of a compilation of the data submitted by Member States to the European Commission. This European database is generally updated once per year, so as to take into account any updating of the content of the national databases by Member States. However, the release of a new EU-wide database does not necessarily entail that a particular national dataset has recently been updated.

The descriptive data in the European database are based on the information that national authorities have submitted, for each of the Natura 2000 sites, through a site-specific standard data form (SDF). Amongst other site-specific information, the standard data form provides the list of all species and habitat types for which a site is officially designated.

The spatial data (borders of sites) submitted by each Member State are validated by the European Environment Agency (EEA), including as regard their consistency with the descriptive data.

Any problems identified through the above validation procedures in the national datasets are brought to the attention of the Member States concerned. However, it remains up to the Member States to decide whether or not to submit a revised dataset before the European database is updated. As a consequence, the EEA cannot guarantee that all inconsistences detected in national datasets are removed in the European dataset.

Please note that some Member States have submitted sensitive information that has been filtered out of this database. The following Member States have submitted sensitive information: Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Poland, Spain and Sweden. This concerns mainly species associated to specific sites. All reference to these species has been removed from the related sites. If this sensitive information is necessary to your field of research, please contact the Member States' administrations individually. You can find a compiled list of national or regional Natura 2000 websites at the following address:

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/db_gis/index_en.htm#sites

There are specific terms and conditions relating to the use of downloaded boundary data within the United Kingdom. If you intend to use the UK data you must first agree to the end user licence http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-5232. 


Disclaimer

This data is provided for general information purposes only. Only the data possessed by the competent authorities of the Member States is authentic. Therefore, no rights or legal claims can be derived from the data displayed on this site.

 
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