Ecosystem types of Europe

Prod-ID: DAT-146-en
Created 25 Sep 2015 Published 09 Dec 2015 Last modified 26 Feb 2019
2 min read
This is an old version, kept for reference only.

Go to latest version
This page was archived on 26 Feb 2019 with reason: Other (New version data-and-maps/data/ecosystem-types-of-europe-1 was published)
The dataset combines the Corine based MAES ecosystem classes with the non-spatial EUNIS habitat classification for a better biological characterization of ecosystems across Europe. As such it represents probabilities of EUNIS habitat presence for each MAES ecosystem type.

GIS data

Based on EUNIS habitat classification level 1
  • 100m
    Download file
  • 1km
    Download file
Based on EUNIS habitat classification level 2
  • 100m
    Download file
INSPIRE compliant metadata set

  • Download file


Additional information

The data set aims to combine spatially explicit land cover information with non-spatially referenced habitat information to improve our knowledge about ecosystems and their distribution across Europe. The work supports the MAES process, Target 2 Action 5 of the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, established to achieve the Aichi targets of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD).

The objective of the ecosystem data set produced by EEA and its Topic Centre ETC/SIA was to improve the biological description of land cover based ecosystem types. It represents probabilities of EUNIS habitat presence in ecosystem types at European level. Since it is not based on spatial explicit mapping the spatial and thematic accuracy is not of same quality as delineated maps.

The MAES ecosystem typology differentiates three levels: whereas the level 2 of the MAES proposal follows closely the EUNIS level 1, the third level of the MAES typology corresponds to the EUNIS level 2. This level will be the base for the mapping approach.



Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage