The Grantham Institute was founded with a mandate to drive forward climate change related research, translating this into real world impact and communicating our knowledge to help shape decision-making. The Institute is already integrating researchers and capabilities from all areas of the College necessary to tackle the challenges of climate change and the environment, through which we will work to offer practical scientific and technical knowledge of the highest quality. The Institute is supported by a team of experts who provide authoritative analysis and assessment of research outputs, communicating it in a policy-relevant way to decision makers. It is a sister institute of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment is a research centre at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). The mission of the Grantham Research Institute is to be a world-leading centre for policy-relevant research, teaching and training in climate change and the environment. It is funded by philanthropists Jeremy and Hannelore Grantham, through their Grantham Foundation for the Protection of the Environment.
CCCEP brings together some of the world's leading researchers on climate change economics and policy, from many different disciplines, to advance public and private action on climate change. It is hosted by the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and Leeds University. It is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and Munich Re.
The Geneva Association is a leading international “think tank” of the insurance industry. In this role, The Geneva Association detects early ideas and emerging debates on political, economic and societal issues concerning the insurance industry, inspires and initiates further research into and analysis of such issues, organises debates on the issues detected and disseminates research results and analysis as well as pushes underlying ideas among clearly defined target groups. Their research programs include themes dealing with risk management or climate change issues.
The following link provides comprehensive information on natural catastrophies and weather-related events, their risks and related economic losses since 1974. The observed increase in economic losses is due to various factors, including increases in wealth and infrastructure and more frequent extreme weather events. According to climate projections, it is very likely that hot extremes, heat waves and heavy precipitation events will continue to become more frequent. The economic and social costs of those events will increase, and these increases will be substantial in the areas most directly affected.
The Union is supporting a wide spectrum of projects on the prediction of climate change and its impacts, and on mitigation and adaptation. Operational forecasting, modelling and climate observation systems are included to improve our capacity for documenting ongoing changes. Past climate changes are studied in order to better understand how the various parts of the Earth system interact and to establish a baseline of natural climate variation. Sources and sinks for carbon and nitrogen are studied to understand how carbon sequestration can be promoted.
GRID-Arendal provides environmental information, communications and capacity building services for information management and assessment. Established to strengthen the United Nations through its Environment Programme (UNEP), its focus is to make credible, science-based knowledge understandable to the public and to decision-making for sustainable development.
The main role of the European Commission's Environment Directorate-General (DG) is to initiate and define new environmental legislation and to ensure that agreed measures are put into practice in the EU Member States. The European Union is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change and has played a key role in the development of the two major treaties addressing the issue, the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, agreed in 1997.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.
EM-DAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 16 000 mass disasters in the world from 1990 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and agencies. The main objective of the database is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels. It is an initiative aimed to rationalise decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting.
The mission of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability is to provide scientific-technical support to the European Union's policies for the protection and sustainable development of the European and global environment. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.
The Global Outlook for Ice and Snow investigates the linkages between ice, snow and climate change. It also presents information on the trends in ice and snow, the outlook for this century and beyond and the consequences to ecosystems and human well-being of these changes. It covers all parts of the cryosphere (the world of ice): snow, land ice, sea ice, river and lake ice, and frozen ground.
GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) is a European initiative for the implementation of information services dealing with environment and security. It will be based on observation data received from Earth Observation satellites and ground based information. These data will be coordinated, analysed and prepared for end-users, so they can better understand each other and make environmental and security-related information available to the people who need it through enhanced or new services.
The WBGU is an independent, scientific advisory body. Its principal tasks are to analyse global environment and development problems and report on these, review and evaluate national and international research in the field of global change, provide early warning of new issue areas,
identify gaps in research and to initiate new research, monitor and assess national and international policies for the achievement of sustainable development, elaborate recommendations for action and research and raise public awareness and heighten the media profile of global change issues.
AMAP is an international organization established in 1991 to implement components of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS). Now a programme group of the Arctic Council, AMAP's current objective is to provide reliable and sufficient information on the status of, and threats to, the Arctic environment, and to provide scientific advice on actions to be taken in order to support Arctic governments in their efforts to take remedial and preventive actions relating to contaminants.
A fact sheet on global warming. The purpose of NASA’s Earth Observatory is to provide a freely-accessible publication on the Internet where the public can obtain new satellite imagery and scientific information about our home planet. The focus is on Earth’s climate and environmental change.
The Met Office recognises that climate change is a complex subject. There are genuine areas of uncertainty and scientific controversy. There are also a number of misunderstandings and myths which are recycled, often by non-climate scientists, and portrayed as scientific fact. Recent coverage has questioned the influence of humans on the climate. While the arguments used might have been regarded as genuine areas of sceptical enquiry 20 years ago, further observed warming and advances in climate science render these out of touch.
Help it consume less energy by keeping it full. It requires less energy to cool a full freezer than an empty one. Should you not have filled it, add some plastic bottles filled with water or even old newspapers – until you need the space!
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