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Out of the EEA33 member countries 30 countries respond on the on-line questionnaire with 44 questions. The main areas addressed included the following: the adaptation policy process; level of adaptation and policy instruments in sectors; involvement of stakeholders; next steps for the future.
Ecosystem type map V2.1 - aggregated classes - (EUNIS Level 2) derived from CORINE Land Cover and additional spatial explicite european datasets according to defined rule set. The rule set builds on the crosswalk between EUNIS nomenclature and CORINE Land Cover nomenclature. The multiple assignements are resolved using additional data like Art. 17 reporting dat aon habitat types, soil data, HANTS phenological data, potential natural vegetation, elevation zones, etc.
This report presents a revised overview of the EEA's EU 2010 biodiversity baseline report. The revision is necessary because the typology of ecosystems used in the 2010 report has since been altered by a working group of biodiversity experts. The revised report provides the relevant facts and figures on the state and trends of the different biodiversity and ecosystem components recalculated to align with the new typology of ecosystems.
The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding today, which sets out common objectives and areas of cooperation in the field of Earth observation and the environment over the coming years.
How to read the map: Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least three stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid box. High confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot. (In the map above, this is the case for all grid boxes.)
How to read the map:
Warm days are defined as being above the 90th percentile of the daily maximum temperature.
Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least 3 stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid-box. Higher confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot.
Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2005 and 2014 was 0.80 °C to 0.84 °C warmer than the pre-industrial average.
Over the decade 2005-2014 the rate of change in global average surface temperature has been between 0.08 and 0.12 °C /decade. This is slower than in previous decades and close to the half of the indicative limits of 0.2°C/decade.
The past decade has seen predominantly La Niña phases in the Pacific Ocean whose influence generally slows the rise in global average temperature.
The Arctic region has warmed significantly more rapidly than the global mean, and this pattern is projected by climate models to continue into the future.
The best estimate by climate models for further rises in global average temperature over this century is from 1.0 to 3.7°C above the period 1971-2000 for the lowest and highest representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios. The uncertainty ranges for the lowest and highest RCP are 0.3–1.7°C and 2.6–4.8°C, respectively.
The EU and UNFCCC target of limiting global average temperature increase to less than 2°C above the pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded between 2042 and 2050 by the three highest of the four IPCC scenarios (RCPs).
The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2005–2014) was around 1.5°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest decade on record. 2014 was the hottest year on record in Europe with mean annual land temperatures 2.11 to 2.16 °C higher than the pre-industrial average.
Across European land area the number of hot days (those exceeding the 90 th percentile of a baseline threshold) have increased by 2% on average per decade since 1960 (from about 7% in the 1960s to 13% over the last decade).
Annual average land temperature over Europe is projected to continue increasing by more than global average temperature over the rest of this century, by around 2.4 °C and 4.1 °C under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 respectively.
During the period 1980-2012 parts of Europe experienced extreme heatwaves (summers of 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2010). Such heat waves are projected to become the norm in the second half of the 21st century under high forcing scenario (RCP8.5).
The top maps show the median of the number of heat waves in a multi-model ensemble of the near future (2020–2052) and the latter half of the century (2068–2100) under the RCP4.5 scenario, and the lower maps are for the same time periods but under RCP8.5
How to read the map:
Cool nights are defined as being below the 10th percentile of the daily minimum temperature. Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least 3 stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid-box. Higher confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot.
The purpose of the report is to show progress against agreed, stable and well‑defined criteria, in order to allow countries to identify and confirm the institutional resources they need for regular reporting procedures. It also aims
to encourage better performance through friendly competition amongst countries concentrating on achievements rather than failures.
The air pollutant emissions data viewer (LRTAP Convention) provides access of the data contained in the EU emission inventory report 1990-2013 under the UNECE Convention on LRTAP.
Emissions of most air pollutants decreased in 2013, confirming the long-term downward trend in Europe since 1990. But many countries are still exceeding internationally-agreed pollutant limits, set to protect human health and the environment, according to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
This document is the annual European Union (EU) emission inventory report to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention
on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). The report and its accompanying data constitute the official submission by the European Commission (EC) on behalf of the EU as a Party to the Executive Secretary of UNECE. The report is compiled by the European Environment Agency (EEA) in cooperation with the EU Member States.
Emissions of a number of compounds categorised as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) - e.g. hexachlorobenzene (HCB, by 92%), hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH, by 85%), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, by 75%), dioxins & furans (by 83%), and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs, by 61%) - decreased between 1990 and 2012 in the EEA-33 countries. While the majority of countries report that POPs emissions fell during this period, a number report that increased emissions occurred.
In 2012, the most significant sources of emissions for these POPs included ‘Commercial, institutional and households’ (10% of HCB, 32% of dioxins and furans, 16% of PCBs) and ‘Industrial processes’ (70% of HCB, 32% of HCH, 27% of PCBs) sectors.
The figure shows the emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). Emissions are provided in million tonnes CO2 equivalent using the Global Warming Potential values of the 2nd IPCC Assessment report (SAR).
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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