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The European Red List is a review of the conservation status of c.6,000 European species (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, freshwater and marine fishes, butterflies, dragonflies, freshwater molluscs, selected groups of beetles, terrestrial molluscs, vascular plants including medicinal plants and bees), according to IUCN regional Red Listing guidelines applied to the EU27 and to the Pan-European level.
New in the 2015 version of the database is the inclusion of medicinal plants, bees, birds and marine fishes.
False-color view of total ozone over the Arctic and Antarctic poles. The purple and blue colors indicate lowest ozone presence, while yellow and red indicate higher ozone presence.
A significant reduction in the EEA-33 consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) has been achieved since 1986. This reduction has largely been driven by the 1987 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Montreal Protocol.
At the entry into force of the Montreal Protocol, EEA-33 consumption was approximately 420 000 ozone depleting potential tonnes (ODP tonnes). Values around zero were reached in 2002 and EEA-33 consumption continues to be consistently around zero since then. The European Union (EU) has taken additional measures to reduce the consumption of ozone depleting substances by means of EU law since the early 1990s. In many aspects, the current EU regulation on substances that deplete the ozone layer (1005/2009/EC) goes further than the Montreal Protocol and also brought forward the phasing out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in the EU.
Europe 2015 - The biogeographical regions dataset contains the official delineations used in the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and for the EMERALD Network set up under the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).
The Natura 2000 barometer gives an evaluation on the progress made in establishing the Natura 2000 network, both under the Birds and the Habitats Directives. It is based on information on number of sites and areas covered, as indicated by Member States and is published in the Natura 2000 Newsletter. The current Natura 2000 barometer is based on the national data that have been officially transmitted by Member States until December 2014.
Out of the EEA33 member countries 30 countries respond on the on-line questionnaire with 44 questions. The main areas addressed included the following: the adaptation policy process; level of adaptation and policy instruments in sectors; involvement of stakeholders; next steps for the future.
Ecosystem type map v2.1 - aggregated classes - (EUNIS Level 2) derived from CORINE Land Cover and additional spatial explicite european datasets according to defined rule set. The rule set builds on the crosswalk between EUNIS nomenclature and CORINE Land Cover nomenclature. The multiple assignements are resolved using additional data like Art. 17 reporting data on habitat types, soil data, HANTS phenological data, potential natural vegetation, elevation zones, etc.
This report presents a revised overview of the EEA's EU 2010 biodiversity baseline report. The revision is necessary because the typology of ecosystems used in the 2010 report has since been altered by a working group of biodiversity experts. The revised report provides the relevant facts and figures on the state and trends of the different biodiversity and ecosystem components recalculated to align with the new typology of ecosystems.
The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding today, which sets out common objectives and areas of cooperation in the field of Earth observation and the environment over the coming years.
How to read the map: Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least three stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid box. High confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot. (In the map above, this is the case for all grid boxes.)
How to read the map:
Warm days are defined as being above the 90th percentile of the daily maximum temperature.
Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least 3 stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid-box. Higher confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot.
How to read the map:
Cool nights are defined as being below the 10th percentile of the daily minimum temperature. Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least 3 stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid-box. Higher confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot.
Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2005 and 2014 was 0.80 °C to 0.84 °C warmer than the pre-industrial average.
Over the decade 2005-2014 the rate of change in global average surface temperature has been between 0.08 and 0.12 °C /decade. This is slower than in previous decades and close to the half of the indicative limits of 0.2°C/decade.
The past decade has seen predominantly La Niña phases in the Pacific Ocean whose influence generally slows the rise in global average temperature.
The Arctic region has warmed significantly more rapidly than the global mean, and this pattern is projected by climate models to continue into the future.
The best estimate by climate models for further rises in global average temperature over this century is from 1.0 to 3.7°C above the period 1971-2000 for the lowest and highest representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios. The uncertainty ranges for the lowest and highest RCP are 0.3–1.7°C and 2.6–4.8°C, respectively.
The EU and UNFCCC target of limiting global average temperature increase to less than 2°C above the pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded between 2042 and 2050 by the three highest of the four IPCC scenarios (RCPs).
The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2005–2014) was around 1.5°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest decade on record. 2014 was the hottest year on record in Europe with mean annual land temperatures 2.11 to 2.16 °C higher than the pre-industrial average.
Across European land area the number of hot days (those exceeding the 90 th percentile of a baseline threshold) have increased by 2% on average per decade since 1960 (from about 7% in the 1960s to 13% over the last decade).
Annual average land temperature over Europe is projected to continue increasing by more than global average temperature over the rest of this century, by around 2.4 °C and 4.1 °C under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 respectively.
During the period 1980-2012 parts of Europe experienced extreme heatwaves (summers of 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2010). Such heat waves are projected to become the norm in the second half of the 21st century under high forcing scenario (RCP8.5).
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
PDF generated on 02 Sep 2015, 08:27 AM
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