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Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. The joint EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook supports the reporting of emissions data under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) and the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive. It provides expert guidance on how to compile an atmospheric emissions inventory. The Guidebook is published by the EEA with the CLRTAP Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections responsible for the technical content of the chapters.
This report provides a non-technical summary of the latest information on electric road
vehicles in Europe, including those with hybrid technologies. It focuses upon electric
passenger vehicles, explaining the different types that are now available on the market,
how each type works, and their respective advantages and disadvantages.
A large scale roll-out of electric cars on European roads would result in significantly lower greenhouse gas emissions and lower levels of certain air pollutants, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) assessment released today. However, widespread use of such vehicles would pose challenges for Europe’s power grid in meeting increased electricity demand.
Chemicals which harm the ozone layer continue to be phased out in the European Union. In 2015, consumption of these chemicals reached its lowest level since 2006, partly due to a drop in imports according to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
This report summarises the data reported by
undertakings in accordance with the ODS Regulation
for 2015 and looks at the major trends since 2006. Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export,
production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use
of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union
Modern society depends on the movement of goods and people, but our current transport systems have negative impacts on human health and the environment. We spoke to Magdalena Jóźwicka, project manager of an upcoming report on electric vehicles, about the environmental advantages and challenges of using electricity as an alternative to conventional fuels for vehicles.
Last December in Paris, the world set itself an ambitious target: limiting the global average temperature rise well below 2 degrees, while aiming to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels. At the G20 summit earlier this month, China and the United States announced their formal commitment to join the Paris agreement. This is a major step forward for the international effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming. Nevertheless, the current reduction commitments made so far by signatory countries are not sufficient to meet this ambitious target.
The European Environment Agency invited European citizens to share what urban environment means to them through photographs. They could choose to depict a European city of their choice, tell a positive or a negative story through their submissions. More than 50 photos made it to the final round. Tell us which ones are your favourites.
This diagram shows the number of events, fatalities, total losses and insured losses (in 2013 euro value) from natural hazards in EEA member countries over the period 1980–2013.
Environmental taxes can contribute to a healthier planet and healthier people. They also spur jobs and growth, are easy to administer and difficult to evade. However, meeting EU climate and other environmental policy targets will erode the existing base for these sort of taxes. This and other systemic factors have implications for the design of future tax systems in Europe, according to an EEA report published today.
This report does three things. It provides an overview
of market‑based instruments (MBIs) established by
EU environmental legislation. Then it explains the
established definitions and rationales for the application
of environmental taxes and discusses their current
design and application in EEA member countries. It
concludes with overall findings and some reflections
on the potential for long-term tax-shifting programmes
in the context of policy targets as well as technological
innovation and demographic changes.
The intended audience of this European Environment
Agency (EEA) publication is the professional
environmental evaluation community, that is,
evaluators of European environment and climate
policies, the EEA's networks and interested evaluation
professionals, including those that are active in the
European Environmental Evaluators Network (EEEN).
The publication aims to facilitate a dialogue on policy
evaluation, by clearly setting out the EEA's views on
some of the challenges that evaluators encounter in the
areas of environment and climate policy.
False-colour view of total ozone over the North (Arctic) and South (Antarctic) poles. The purple and blue colours indicate lowest ozone presence, while yellow and red indicate higher ozone presence. Ozone concentration is commonly measured in Dobson Units. One Dobson Unit is the number of molecules of ozone that would be required to create a layer of pure ozone 0.01 millimetres thick at a temperature of 0 degrees Celsius and a pressure of 1 atmosphere.
A significant reduction in the consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) has been achieved by the EEA-33 countries since 1986. This reduction has largely been driven by the 1987 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Montreal Protocol.
At the entry into force of the Montreal Protocol, EEA-33 consumption was approximately 420 000 ozone-depleting potential tonnes (ODP tonnes). Consumption values around zero were reached in 2002 and have remained consistently so ever since. The European Union (EU) has taken additional measures to reduce the consumption of ODS by means of EU law since the early 1990s. In many aspects, the current EU regulation on substances that deplete the ozone layer (1005/2009/EC) goes further than the Montreal Protocol and it has also brought forward the phasing out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in the EU.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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