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Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Data and maps / Interactive maps

Interactive maps

In this section you will find interactive tools enabling you to examine environmental data and to explore maps of Europe.
Environmental interactive maps — 19 Nov 2009
Catalogue of interactive maps (GIS applications) made by the EEA.
Promotion Observations and projections of climate change impacts, vulnerability and risks — 26 Mar 2012
This map viewer provides access to climate related observations and projections of climate change impacts, vulnerability and risks from the following projects and organisations: ClimWatAdapt, ESPON Climate, JRC-IES and ENSEMBLES. Please note that there are differences in the climate change scenarios and models used across these projects and organisations. Provided by the the 'CLIMATE-ADAPT' portal.
GIS Map Application Forests in Europe — 13 Jan 2012
Forests in Europe (based on CLC 2006)
GIS Map Application Agricultural Areas in Europe — 06 Dec 2011
Agricultural Areas
GIS Map Application European Soil Sealing V2 — 26 Jan 2010
Raster data set of built-up and non built-up areas including continuous degree of soil sealing ranging from 0 - 100% in aggregated spatial resolution (20m x 20m). Made available on 26 Jan 2010
GIS Map Application European Soil Sealing V1 — 06 Dec 2011
Raster data set of built-up and non built-up areas including continuous degree of soil sealing ranging from 0 - 100% in aggregated spatial resolution (100 x 100 m).
GIS Map Application Urban and natural/semi-natural ecotones of Europe — 22 Nov 2011
Hot spot analyses showing density of transitions between urban areas and natural/semi-natural/open and wetland areas, derived from Corine land cover 2006
GIS Map Application Wetlands and Waterbodies in Europe — 22 Nov 2011
Wetlands and waterbodies
GIS Map Application Corine LandCover 2006 — 22 Nov 2011
One of the major tasks undertaken in the framework of the Corine programme has been the establishment of a computerised inventory on the land cover. Data on land cover is necessary for the environment policy as well as for other policies such as regional development and agriculture. At the same time it provides one of the basic inputs for the production of more complex information on other themes (soil erosion, pollutant emission into the air by the vegetation, etc.). The objectives of the land cover project are: - to provide those responsible for and interested in the European policy on the environment with quantitative data on land cover, consistent and comparable across Europe; - to prepare one comprehensive land cover database for the 15 EC Member States and other European and North African countries, at an original scale of 1: 100 000, using 44 classes of the 3-level Corine nomenclature.
GIS Map Application Europe Artificial Areas (Land Cover 2006) — 06 Dec 2011
Corine land cover 2006 is the latest update of the CLC database as part of the European Commission programme to COoRdinate INformation on the Environment (Corine) started in the early 1990s. It provides consistent information on land cover and its changes during the period 2000-2006 across Europe. The CLC2006 database covers 38 countries.
GIS Map Application Heat wave risk of European cities — 21 Sep 2012
The share of green (vegetated) and blue (water) areas within cities (2006) can influence the urban heat island effect. Also, population density is associated with increasing this effect of cities and exacerbate the effects of heat waves.
GIS Map Application Potential flood risk for European cities from heavy rainfall events — 18 Mar 2013
Increased flooding is likely to be one of the most serious effects from climate change in Europe over coming decades. Some of the conditions which may contribute to urban flooding are highlighted in an Eye on Earth map from the European Environment Agency (EEA).
GIS Map Application LUCAS viewer with ground-level pictures — 28 Jan 2008
Land use and land cover survey tool with ground-level pictures
GIS Map Application Changing face of Europe — explore the land cover — 05 Feb 2008
This land cover map encompasses most of the countries of Europe and provides dynamic access to 1990, 2000 and 2006 Corine Land Cover datasets. Choose a layer for each of the two maps from the map legend pull-down menu (open and close from the triangular icons). Zoom into your area of interest and use the slider bar to see land cover changes. Data are available as 100 meter pixel raster images at small scales up to 1:800.000 and at higher scales as vectors. The smallest surfaces mapped (minimum mapping units) correspond to 25 hectares. Linear features less than 100 m in width are not considered. The scale of the output product was fixed at 1:100.000. Thus, the location precision of the CLC database is 100 m. (To close the legend or map description, click on the map).
GIS Map Application European protected sites — 28 May 2013
The map shows an overview of protected sites in Europe, including Natura 2000 sites and nationally designated areas (CDDA). Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Nationally designated areas is a European inventory of protected areas designated by the national authorities. Zoom into the map to visualise the national areas.
GIS Map Application Total phosphorus in lakes — 03 Dec 2013
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of total phosphorus (TP) as mg/L TP in European lakes and reservoirs measured at Eionet-Water Lake monitoring stations during 2011. Total phosphorus includes all phosphorus components in lake water: phosphate dissolved organic phosphorus and particulate phosphorus in algal and bacterial cells, as well as in mineral particles (e.g. clay). For most countries the concentration values are based on measurements over the whole year, but for some countries the annual mean actually represents only the growing season (due to ice cover in winter).
GIS Map Application Phytoplankton in lakes — 20 Dec 2013
This map shows the ecological status (i.e. status or potential) of phytoplankton in European lakes (i.e. lakes and reservoirs) potentially impacted by eutrophication. The ecological status class of a country's waterbodies (or stations) is assessed by each country according to their national classification system, following the Water Framework Directive. The assessment may be based by one or more samples measured during the year of reporting..
GIS Map Application Phytobenthos in rivers — 06 Jan 2014
This map shows the ecological status (i.e. status or potential) of phytobenthos in European rivers (i.e. rivers and canals) potentially impacted by eutrophication. The ecological status class of a country's waterbodies (or stations) is assessed by each country according to their national classification system, following the Water Framework Directive. The assessment may be based by one or more samples measured during the year of reporting.
GIS Map Application Overview of SoE monitoring stations — 06 Jan 2014
The map shows the positions of WISE SoE monitoring stations. Annual WISE SoE reporting of Rivers water quality, Lakes water quality, Groundwater quality and Transitional, coastal and marine waters quality is used as the data source for this map. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the spatial distribution and density of monitoring stations in all mentioned WISE SoE reporting categories.
GIS Map Application WISE SoE: Orthophosphate in rivers — 08 Jan 2014
This map shows the mean annual concentrations of phosphate (orthophosphate, OP) as mg/L PO4-P measured at Eionet-Water River monitoring stations during 2011. All data are annual means. For most countries these are based on measurements over the whole year, whereas some countries have samples only from the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the annual concentrations of the orthophosphates in rivers across Europe and to enable viewer to make comparisons of the values in European countries, River basin districts or in individual monitoring sites. High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of Phosphate represents a risk to normal functioning of River ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially excessive growth of benthic algae or other aquatic vegetation, oxygen deficiency in the bottom substrate and reduced biodiversity.
GIS Map Application Nitrites in groundwater by countries and WFD gw bodies — 08 Jan 2014
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of Nitrites (NO2) measured at WISE SoE groundwater monitoring stations during the period 2000 – 2011. All data are annual means aggregated by countries (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 001 and less detailed) or by WFD groundwater bodies (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 000 and more detailed).
GIS Map Application Nitrates in groundwater by countries and WFD gw bodies — 08 Jan 2014
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of Nitrates (NO3) measured at WISE SoE groundwater monitoring stations during the period 2000 – 2011. All data are annual means aggregated by countries (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 001 and less detailed) or by WFD groundwater bodies (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 000 and more detailed).
GIS Map Application Nitrate in rivers — 08 Jan 2014
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of Nitrate (NO3) as mg/L NO3-N measured at WISE SoE river monitoring stations during 2011. For most countries the values are based on measurements over the whole year, whereas some countries have samples only from the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual concentrations of the nitrates in rivers across Europe and to enable viewer to make comparisons of the values in European countries, River basin districts or in individual monitoring sites. High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of nitrate represents a risk to normal functioning of downstream coastal ecosystems, causing eutrophication* with potentially excessive growth of algae or other aquatic vegetation, oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters and reduced biodiversity. High concentration of nitrates also represents a health risk if the water is used for drinking water. The WHO guideline for drinking water is < 10 mg/L NO3-N (equivalent to ca. 50 mg/L NO3). For additional information on nutrients in water see the Water quality and pollution by nutrients section of the WISE website. Nitrates in excess can give rise to eutrophication in down-stream coastal waters by stimulating excessive growth of algae and other aquatic plants when nitrogen is the limiting factor for growth.
GIS Map Application Macrophytes in lakes — 08 Jan 2014
This map shows the ecological status (i.e. status or potential) of macrophytes in European lakes (i.e. lakes and reservoirs) potentially impacted by eutrophication. The ecological status class of a country's waterbodies (or stations) is assessed by each country according to their national classification system, following the Water Framework Directive. The assessment may be based by one or more samples measured during the year of reporting. The purpose of this map is to show ecological status of individual biological quality elements (BQEs) and the major impact types. In comparison, the map layer "Ecological status or potential of water bodies" in the WFD Surface Water Viewer (http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/interactive/soe-wfd/wfd-surface), displays ecological status or potential based on all BQEs combined, represented by the BQE with the worst class (the "one-out-all-out" principle). Moreover, the maps based on SoE-WISE biological data will be updated yearly, whereas the WFD database will be updated every 6th year.
GIS Map Application Macroinvertebrates in rivers — 08 Jan 2014
This map shows the ecological status (i.e. status or potential) of macroinvertebrates in European rivers (i.e. rivers and canals) potentially impacted by general degradation. The ecological status class of a country's waterbodies (or stations) is assessed by each country according to their national classification system, following the Water Framework Directive. The assessment may be based by one or more samples measured during the year of reporting. The purpose of this map is to show ecological status of individual biological quality elements (BQEs) and the major impact types. In comparison, the map layer "Ecological status or potential of water bodies" in the WFD Surface Water Viewer (http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/interactive/soe-wfd/wfd-surface), displays ecological status or potential based on all BQEs combined, represented by the BQE with the worst class (the "one-out-all-out" principle). Moreover, the maps based on SoE-WISE biological data will be updated yearly, whereas the WFD database will be updated every 6th year.
GIS Map Application Ammonium in groundwater by countries and WFD gw bodies Mean annual concentrations of Ammonium (NH4) measured at WISE SoE groundwater — 09 Jan 2014
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of Ammonium (NH4) measured at WISE SoE groundwater monitoring stations during the period 2000 – 2011. All data are annual means aggregated by countries (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 001 and less detailed) or by WFD groundwater bodies (visible when the map is zoomed to the scale of 1 : 6 000 000 and more detailed).
GIS Map Application Water Quantity: Location of Streamflow Gauging Stations — 09 Jan 2014
This map shows the location of Streamflow Gauging Stations in Europe, overlaid on the WFD RBDs. The map enables the user to view, select and display information on the location of streamflow gauging stations in each RBD and have an overview of the coverage and density of such networks in Europe. It further allows comparison among RBDs and retrieval of information on stations’ basic characteristics.
GIS Map Application WISE SoE Stations density — 09 Jan 2014
Cartogram of monitoring stations density, aggregated by National River Basin Districts (RBDs, e.g. Donau, Oder, Elbe, Rhine, ...) is displayed within defined classes. The National RBDs are coloured according to the density of all WISE SoE stations used for reporting monitored values in this context. The monitoring stations used for characterizing chemical and ecological status of river water bodies in reporting to the Water Framework Directive may not necessarily be based on the same set of SoE stations. In less detailed scale, data is aggregated by RBD when in more detailed scale individual stations appear in shape of triangles. Additional information are provided in pop up windows which can be activated with a click on a station.Historical data (from 1992 on) can be displayed and viewed with time slider tool.
GIS Map Application WISE SoE BOD in rivers — 09 Jan 2014
This map shows the mean annual concentrations of BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand) measured at Eionet-Water River monitoring stations from 1992 till 2011. All data are annual means. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the annual concentrations of BOD in rivers across Europe and to enable viewer to make comparisons of the values in European countries, River basin districts or in individual monitoring sites. BOD (Biological - or biochemical - Oxygen Demand) refers to the amount of organic matter present in water that will consume oxygen as it is decomposed by micro-organisms. BOD is commonly used for 5-day BOD (BOD5); for those Member States reporting 7-day BOD (BOD7), these values have been converted to BOD5 (BOD7 = 1.16 BOD5) for reasons of comparability.Large quantities of organic matter (microbes and decaying organic waste) in water are a potential risk to aquatic ecosystems and human health. A reduction in the amount of oxygen in water as a result of the decomposition of organic matter can endanger aquatic life through asphyxiation and disrupt the ecological balance of the water. It can also pollute water used for drinking and bathing. High levels of BOD can indicate such pollution. In less detailed scale, data is aggregated by country and pie charts are displayed. In more detailed scale individual stations appear in shape of triangles. Historical data (from 1992 on) can be displayed and viewed with time slider tool.
GIS Map Application WISE SoE Ammonium in Rivers — 09 Jan 2014
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of total ammonium (TA) as mg/L N-NH4in European rivers measured at WISE SoE River monitoring stations from 1992 till 2011. All data are annual means. For most countries these are based on measurements over the whole year, but for some countries the annual mean actually represents only the growing season (due to ice cover in winter).The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the annual concentrations of the total ammonium/ammonium in rivers across Europe and to enable viewer to make comparisons of the values in European countries or individual monitoring sites. NH4 is the empirical formula of the ammonium ion which, in water, is an important nitrogenous fertilizer for aquatic plants. In excess ammonium can give rise to problems because it contributes indirectly to BOD by reducing Dissolved Oxygen concentrations in water. It also forms ammonium hydroxide in water and is extremely toxic to fish and aquatic life at elevated pH levels.Total ammonium concentrations are normally increased as a result of discharges from waste water treatment plants, industrial effluents and agricultural runoff. It exerts a demand on oxygen in water as it is transformed to oxidised forms of nitrogen. In addition it is toxic to aquatic life at certain concentrations in relation to water temperature, salinity and pH. It can also pollute water used for drinking and bathing. In less detailed scale data is aggregated by country and pie charts are displayed. In more detailed scale individual stations appear in shape of triangles. Historical data (from 1992 on) can be displayed and viewed with time slider tool.
GIS Map Application State of Bathing waters — 09 Jan 2014
Map shows bathing water sites and water quality data from 2002 until 2012 when zoomed in. When zoomed out aggregated data by countries for selected year appear. See reports, data and other information at European Environment Agency’s bathing water webpage.
GIS Map Application European protected sites — 03 Jun 2014
The map shows an overview of protected sites in Europe, including Natura 2000 sites and nationally designated areas (CDDA). Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Nationally designated areas is a European inventory of protected areas designated by the national authorities. Zoom into the map to visualise the national areas.
GIS Map Application Urban Atlas for Europe — 30 Jun 2014
How densely populated is your city? Where are the green areas and transport networks? The European Environment Agency (EEA) now hosts detailed maps and land cover information for the 117 European cities currently included in the new 'Urban Atlas'.
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100