Table of Contents

Page Last modified 19 Apr 2016, 05:04 PM
Soil - Europe's Environment: The Dobris Assessment (Chapter 07)

7.1 - Introduction
7.1.1 - Soil functions
7.1.1.1 - Biomass production
7.1.1.2 - Filtering, buffering and transformation
7.1.1.3 - Biological habitat and gene reserve
7.1.1.4 - Foundation
7.1.1.5 - Source of raw materials
7.1.1.6 - Historical medium
7.1.1.7 - Interaction of functions
7.1.1.8 - Functions at risk
7.1.2 - Soils of Europe
7.1.2.1 - Well drained soils
7.1.2.1.1 - 'Black earths'
7.1.2.1.2 - Sandy soils
7.1.2.1.3 - Acid loamy soils
7.1.2.1.4 - Non-acid loamy soils
7.1.2.1.5 - Clayey soils
7.1.2.2 - Shallow and stony soils
7.1.2.3 - Semi-arid and salt-affected soils
7.1.2.4 - Imperfectly drained soils
7.1.3 - Soil vulnerability
7.2 - Problems and Threats
7.2.1 - Soil erosion
7.2.1.1 - Causes
7.2.1.2 - Magnitude
7.2.1.3 - Impacts
7.2.1.4 - Remedies
7.2.2 - Soil acidification
7.2.2.1 - Causes
7.2.2.2 - Magnitude
7.2.2.3 - Impacts
7.2.2.4 - Remedies
7.2.3 - Soil pollution by heavy metals
7.2.3.1 - Cause
7.2.3.2 - Magnitude
7.2.3.3 - Impacts
7.2.3.4 - Remedies
7.2.4 - Soil pollution by pesticides and other organic contaminants
7.2.4.1 - Causes
7.2.4.2 - Magnitude
7.2.4.3 - Impacts
7.2.4.4 - Remedies
7.2.5 - Soil pollution by nitrates and phosphorous
7.2.5.1 - Causes
7.2.5.2 - Magnitude
7.2.5.3 - Impacts
7.2.5.4 - Remedies
7.2.6 - Soil pollution by artificial radionuclides
7.2.7 - Contaminated soil
7.2.7.1 - Causes
7.2.7.2 - Magnitude
7.2.7.3 - Impacts
7.2.7.4 - Remedies
7.2.7.5 - Legislation concerning contaminated land
7.2.7.5.1 - Where are the polluted sites?
7.2.7.5.2 - How clean is clean? How dirty is dirty?
7.2.8 - Soil compaction
7.2.8.1 - Causes
7.2.8.2 - Magnitude
7.2.8.3 - Impacts
7.2.8.4 - Remedies
7.2.9 - Other threats
7.2.9.1 - Organic matter losses
7.2.9.2 - Salinisation
7.2.9.3 - Waterlogging
7.3 - Responses
7.3.1 - Ecological responses
7.3.1.1 - Critical load: a useful policy tool
7.3.2 - Technical responses
7.3.3 - Policy and legislation
7.3.3.1 - Perspectives for future policies and approaches
7.3.3.2 - Current situation
7.4 - Conclusions
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