COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth
European Commission, 2010. Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. COM(2010) 2020.
COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth
The link address is: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:2020:FIN:EN:PDF
Emission intensity of manufacturing industries in Europe The indicator is used to illustrate emission intensity of manufacturing industries expressed as amount of pollutant discharged in water per unit of production of manufacturing industries (expressed as one million Euro gross value added). Furthermore, indicator shows decoupling of economic growth (GVA) from the environmental impact (emission of pollutants).Decoupling indicator displays the percentage of change in emission of pollutants from manufacturing plotted together with the change in the gross value added (GVA) of the manufacturing industry over the same period of time (between 2004-2010). Absolute decoupling occurs when the environmentally relevant variable is stable or decreasing while the economic driving force is growing. Relative decoupling occurs when the growth rate of the emission is positive, but less than the growth rate of the GVA. In line with Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community NACE Rev. 2 Section C (divisions 10-33) the following industries : are considered in the „manufacturing“:” Division 10: Manufacture of food products Division 11: Manufacture of beverages Division 12: Manufacture of tobacco products Division 13: Manufacture of textiles Division 14: Manufacture of wearing apparel Division 15: Manufacture of leather and related products Division 16: Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manu- facture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Division 17: Manufacture of paper and paper products Division 18: Printing and reproduction of recorded media Division 19: Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products Division 20: Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products Division 21: Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Division 22: Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Division 23: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Division 24: Manufacture of basic metals Division 25: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Division 26: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Division 27: Manufacture of electrical equipment Division 28: Manufacture of machineryand equipment n.e.c. Division 29: Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Division 30: Manufacture of other transport equipment Division 31: Manufacture of furniture Division 32: Other manufacturing Division 33: Repair and installation of machinery and equipment The following divisions from NACE Rev. 2 Section C were considered for: Food industry: division 10, 11 Chemical industry: division 20, groups 20.1-20.6 Metal industry:division 24, 25
Emission intensity of agriculture in Europe The indicator is used to illustrate decoupling of economic growth (Gross Value Added-GVA) from the environmental impact (nutrient losses).The indicator displays the percentage of change in emission of nutrients from agriculture (expressed as nutrient balance) plotted together with the change in the gross value added (GVA) of the agriculture industry over the same period of time (between 2000-2008). Absolute decoupling occurs when the environmentally relevant variable is stable or decreasing while the economic driving force is growing. Relative decoupling occurs when the growth rate of the emission is positive, but less than the growth rate of the GVA. Furthermore, the indicator illustrates emission intensity of the agriculture sector expressed as the amount of nutrient balance in agriculture per unit of production of the agriculture sector (expressed as one million Euro of gross value added). The indicator illustrates both emission intensity based on total GVA (which includes subsidies) and emission intensity based on GVA, excluding subsidies.
Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops Water productivity can be expressed either in physical and economic terms. On this basis, the economic water productivity (i.e. linking resource input to tangible economic outcome) for irrigated crops can be estimated by the use of the following formula: Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops (€ PPS/m 3 ) Economic Output crop (€ PPS) / Water Use Irrigation crop (m 3 ) Where, Economic Output crop is the production value at producer price in € PPS * (values at current prices) of a specific irrigated crop in a specified area (NUTS 2). The data currently used refer to the year 2010 and are from Eurostat economic accounts for agriculture – regional agricultural statistics. * Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) is an artificial currency used by Eurostat for the common currency in which national accounts aggregates are expressed when adjusted for price level differences using purchasing power parities. Theoretically, one PPS can buy the same amount of goods and services in each country. Water Use Irrigation crop is the total water used (in m3) for the irrigation of the specific crop in the same area and for the same year (currently 2010 from the Eurostat Farm Structure Survey -FSS  ,  ). The analysis is conducted using data from the latest available year (currently 2010), while the spatial scale used is the NUTS 2 level. The ECWP has been calculated for the “main crops” irrigated in Europe, namely: cereals (excluding maize and rice), maize, rice, potatoes, sugar beets, citrus, sunflower, olives and vineyards. Some of these are of a regional interest (e.g. citrus), while some categories (e.g. olives) contain a large variety and range of products (i.e. table olives vs. olive oil) challenging the analysis.  Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 of 29 February 1988 on the organization of Community surveys on the structure of agricultural holdings (OJ L 56, 2.3.1988, p. 1)  Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council. Regulation (EEC) No 571/88
Land take Change of the amount of agriculture, forest and other semi-natural and natural land taken by urban and other artificial land development. It includes areas sealed by construction and urban infrastructure as well as urban green areas and sport and leisure facilities. The main drivers of land take are grouped in processes resulting in the extension of: housing, services and recreation, industrial and commercial sites, transport networks and infrastructures, mines, quarries and waste dumpsites, construction sites.
Transport infrastructure investments The term “transport infrastructure” refers only to infrastructures that are open to the general public. It covers buildings and other constructions as well as machinery and equipment, but it excludes vehicles and rolling stock. Investment expenditure on infrastructure covers expenditure on new construction and extension of existing infrastructure, including reconstruction, renewal and major repairs of infrastructure. For rail, infrastructure includes land, permanent way constructions, buildings, bridges and tunnels, as well as immovable fixtures, fittings and installations connected with them (signalisation, telecommunications, catenaries, electricity sub-stations, etc.) as opposed to rolling stock. For road, maintenance includes surface maintenance, patching and running repairs (work relating to roughness of carriageway’s wearing course, roadsides, etc.). For Inland waterways expenditures on locks are included.
Fuel prices The price of fuel in the EU, including the cost price, excise duty and VAT. Prices are in Euros per litre. Definitions: ‘All petrol’ is a consumption-weighted average price of both leaded and unleaded fuel, corrected using energy-content to the equivalent amount of unleaded petrol. ‘All fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent’ is a consumption-weighted average price of unleaded, leaded petrol and diesel, corrected using energy content to the equivalent amount of unleaded petrol. ‘Nominal’ is the price with no adjustment for inflation. ‘Real’ is the price corrected for inflation, using 2005 as the baseline year. ‘Average, all fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent (real, weighted by consumption)’ is the consumption-weighted average of the ‘All fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent (real)’ line across the full time series.
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