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COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

European Commission, 2010. Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. COM(2010) 2020. 

COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

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Emission intensity of manufacturing industries in Europe Emission intensity of manufacturing industries in Europe The indicator is used to illustrate emission intensity of manufacturing industries expressed as amount of pollutant discharged in water per unit of production of manufacturing industries (expressed as one million Euro gross value added). Furthermore, indicator shows decoupling of economic growth (GVA) from the environmental impact (emission of pollutants).Decoupling indicator displays the percentage of change in emission of pollutants from manufacturing plotted together with the change in the gross value added (GVA) of the manufacturing industry over the same period of time (between 2004-2010). Absolute decoupling occurs when the environmentally relevant variable is stable or decreasing while the economic driving force is growing. Relative decoupling occurs when the growth rate of the emission is positive, but less than the growth rate of the GVA. In line with Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community NACE Rev. 2 Section C  (divisions 10-33) the following industries : are considered in the „manufacturing“:” Division 10: Manufacture of food products Division 11: Manufacture of beverages Division 12: Manufacture of tobacco products Division 13: Manufacture of textiles Division 14: Manufacture of wearing apparel Division 15: Manufacture of leather and related products Division 16: Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manu- facture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Division 17: Manufacture of paper and paper products Division 18: Printing and reproduction of recorded media Division 19: Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products Division 20: Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products Division 21: Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Division 22: Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Division 23: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Division 24: Manufacture of basic metals Division 25: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Division 26: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Division 27: Manufacture of electrical equipment Division 28: Manufacture of machineryand equipment n.e.c. Division 29: Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Division 30: Manufacture of other transport equipment Division 31: Manufacture of furniture Division 32: Other manufacturing Division 33: Repair and installation of machinery and equipment   The following divisions from NACE Rev. 2 Section C were considered for: Food industry: division 10, 11 Chemical industry: division 20, groups 20.1-20.6 Metal industry:division 24, 25    
Water Use Intensity (WUI) of irrigated crops Water Use Intensity (WUI) of irrigated crops Water use intensity of irrigated crops can be estimated by the use of the following formula: Water Use Intensity (WUI) of irrigated crops (m 3 /€ PPS) Water Use Irrigation crop (m 3 ) / Economic Output crop (€ PPS)   Where, *  Water Use Irrigation crop is the total water used (in m 3 ) for the irrigation of the specific crop in the same area and for the same year (currently 2010). *  Economic Output crop is the production value at producer price in € PPS * (values at current prices) of a specific irrigated crop in a specified area (NUTS 2). * Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) is used by Eurostat as a common currency for the European region which accounts for differences in the purchasing power over the 28 Member States and other European countries included in the assessments (e.g. EFTA countries, candidate countries and potential candidates). Theoretically, one PPS can buy the same amount of goods and services in each country. The adjustment for price level differences is done using Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs). Thus, PPPs can be interpreted as the exchange rate of the PPS against the euro. The analysis is conducted using data from the latest available year from the Eurostat Farm Structure Survey -FSS (currently 2010) [1] , while the spatial scale used is the NUTS2 level [2] . In general, lower WUI values reflect more efficient use of water or, in other terms, more benefit is being generated per unit of water used for irrigation. The WUI has been calculated for selected crops irrigated in Europe, namely: cereals (excluding maize and rice), maize, sugar beets, rape and turnip rape, sunflower, potatoes and citrus. Some other categories of crops (e.g. olives, vineyards, fruits and berries), for which data are available, were examined, but practical issues emerged and challenged the analysis. The production value of olives refers to both “table olives” and “olive oil”, yet the irrigated area data do not distinguish among categories. The same applies for the vineyards (“table grapes” vs. “wine”). In the case of fruit and berry plantations, this category represents a great variety of fruits with ranging water needs and various products. For these crops no values of WUI were calculated. [1] Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 of 29 February 1988 on the organization of Community surveys on the structure of agricultural holdings (OJ L 56, 2.3.1988, p. 1); and Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council. Regulation (EEC) No 571/88. For more information consult section 4 – Data Sources. [2] The data currently used also refer to the year 2010 and were sourced from Eurostat economic accounts for agriculture – regional agricultural statistics. For more information consult section 4 – Data Sources.

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