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You are here: Home / Environmental policy document catalogue / COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

European Commission, 2010. Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. COM(2010) 2020. 

COM(2010) 2020, Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

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Emission intensity of manufacturing industries in Europe Emission intensity of manufacturing industries in Europe The indicator is used to illustrate emission intensity of manufacturing industries expressed as amount of pollutant discharged in water per unit of production of manufacturing industries (expressed as one million Euro gross value added). Furthermore, indicator shows decoupling of economic growth (GVA) from the environmental impact (emission of pollutants).Decoupling indicator displays the percentage of change in emission of pollutants from manufacturing plotted together with the change in the gross value added (GVA) of the manufacturing industry over the same period of time (between 2004-2010). Absolute decoupling occurs when the environmentally relevant variable is stable or decreasing while the economic driving force is growing. Relative decoupling occurs when the growth rate of the emission is positive, but less than the growth rate of the GVA. In line with Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community NACE Rev. 2 Section C  (divisions 10-33) the following industries : are considered in the „manufacturing“:” Division 10: Manufacture of food products Division 11: Manufacture of beverages Division 12: Manufacture of tobacco products Division 13: Manufacture of textiles Division 14: Manufacture of wearing apparel Division 15: Manufacture of leather and related products Division 16: Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manu- facture of articles of straw and plaiting materials Division 17: Manufacture of paper and paper products Division 18: Printing and reproduction of recorded media Division 19: Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products Division 20: Manufacture of chemicals, chemical products Division 21: Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations Division 22: Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Division 23: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Division 24: Manufacture of basic metals Division 25: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Division 26: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Division 27: Manufacture of electrical equipment Division 28: Manufacture of machineryand equipment n.e.c. Division 29: Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Division 30: Manufacture of other transport equipment Division 31: Manufacture of furniture Division 32: Other manufacturing Division 33: Repair and installation of machinery and equipment   The following divisions from NACE Rev. 2 Section C were considered for: Food industry: division 10, 11 Chemical industry: division 20, groups 20.1-20.6 Metal industry:division 24, 25    
Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops Water productivity can be expressed either in physical and economic terms. On this basis, the economic water productivity (i.e. linking resource input to tangible economic outcome) for irrigated crops can be estimated by the use of the following formula: Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops (€ PPS/m 3 ) Economic Output crop (€ PPS) / Water Use Irrigation crop (m 3 )  Where, Economic Output crop is the production value at producer price in € PPS * (values at current prices) of a specific irrigated crop in a specified area (NUTS 2). The data currently used refer to the year 2010 and are from Eurostat economic accounts for agriculture – regional agricultural statistics. * Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) is an artificial currency used by Eurostat for the common currency in which national accounts aggregates are expressed when adjusted for price level differences using purchasing power parities. Theoretically, one PPS can buy the same amount of goods and services in each country. Water Use Irrigation crop is the total water used (in m3) for the irrigation of the specific crop in the same area and for the same year (currently 2010 from the Eurostat Farm Structure Survey -FSS [1] , [2] ). The analysis is conducted using data from the latest available year (currently 2010), while the spatial scale used is the NUTS 2 level. The ECWP has been calculated for the “main crops” irrigated in Europe, namely: cereals (excluding maize and rice), maize, rice, potatoes, sugar beets, citrus, sunflower, olives and vineyards.  Some of these are of a regional interest (e.g. citrus), while some categories (e.g. olives) contain a large variety and range of products (i.e. table olives vs. olive oil) challenging the analysis. [1] Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 of 29 February 1988 on the organization of Community surveys on the structure of agricultural holdings (OJ L 56, 2.3.1988, p. 1) [2] Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council. Regulation (EEC) No 571/88

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