Premature deaths attributable to air pollution in 2013

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Table 10.1 Premature deaths attributable to PM2.5, NO2 and O3 exposure in 41 European countries and the EU-28, 2013

Country  Population PM2.5 NO2 O3
Annual mean (c) Premature deaths Annual mean (c) Premature deaths SOMO35 (c) Premature deaths
Austria 8 451 860 15.7 6 960 19.3 910 5 389 330
Belgium 11 161 642 16.6 10 050 23.6 2 320 2 520 210
Bulgaria 7 284 552 24.1 13 700 16.5 570 4 082 330
Croatia 4 262 140 16.8 4 820 15.8 160 5 989 240
Cyprus 865 878 17.1 450 7.3 < 5 7 900 30
Czech Republic 10 516 125 19.6 12 030 17.1 330 4 266 370
Denmark 5 602 628 9.6 2 890 13 60 2 749 110
Estonia 1 320 174 7.8 690 10.8 < 5 2 545 30
Finland 5 426 674 5.9 1 730 9.4 < 5 2 011 80
France 63 697 865 14.5 45 120 18.7 8 230 4 098 1 780
Germany 80 523 746 14.2 73 400 20.4 10 610 3 506 2 500
Greece 11 003 615 19.7 13 730 14.6 1 490 8 532 840
Hungary 9 908 798 18.2 12 890 16.8 390 4 604 460
Ireland 4 591 087 9.2 1 520 11.6 30 2 043 50
Italy 59 685 227 18.2 66 630 24.5 21 040 6 576 3 380
Latvia 2 023 825 12.8 2 080 13.7 110 2 614 60
Lithuania 2 971 905 13.9 3 170 11.5 < 5 2 703 90
Luxembourg 537 039 14.3 280 23.4 80 3 167 10
Malta 421 364 12.5 230 12 < 5 7 403 20
Netherlands 16 779 575 14.3 11 530 21.3 1 820 2 410 270
Poland 38 062 535 22.8 48 270 16.1 1 610 3 792 1 150
Portugal 9 918 548 10 6 070 14 150 5 091 420
Romania 20 020 074 18.5 25 330 17.9 1 900 2 221 430
Slovakia 5 410 836 20.1 5 620 16 < 5 5 116 200
Slovenia 2 058 821 17.4 1 960 17.6 150 6 540 100
Spain 44 454 505 11 23 940 18 4 280 5 895 1 760
Sweden 9 555 893 6 3 020 11.5 < 5 2 317 160
United Kingdom 63 905 297 11.8 37 930 22.8 11 940 1 606 710
Albania 2 874 545 20.3 2 010 15.9 10 7 179 100
Andorra 76 246 11.9 40 14.3 < 5 7 303 < 5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 839 265 16 3 620 15.7 80 5 670 180
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   2 062 294 30.4 3 360 20.8 210 6 326 100
Iceland 321 857 6.5 80 14.3 < 5 1 473 < 5
Kosovo (a) 1 815 606 28 3 530 19.3 230 5 691 100
Liechtenstein 36 838 11.4 20 22.7 10 5 221 < 5
Monaco 36 136 13.8 20 23.2 10 7 795 < 5
Montenegro 620 893 17.1 600 17.2 30 6 674 30
Norway 5 051 275 7.1 1 590 14.4 170 2 443 70
San Marino 33 562 15.1 30 15.4 < 5 5 067 < 5
Serbia 7 181 505 21.1 10 730 20.2 1 340 4 505 320
Switzerland 8 039 060 13.9 4 980 22.4 1 140 4 919 240
Total (b)   467 000 71 000 17 000
EU-28 (b)   436 000 68 000 16 000

Notes
(a) Under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.
(b) Total and EU-28 figures are rounded up or down to the nearest thousand. The national totals to the nearest ten.
(c) The annual mean (in μg/m3) and the SOMO35 (in (μg/m3).day), expressed as population-weighted concentration, is obtained according to the methodology described by ETC/ACM (2016b), and not only from monitoring stations.

Geographic coverage

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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