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on the environment

You are here: Home / Environmental topics / Energy

Energy

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Essential for the generation of industrial, commercial and societal wealth, energy also provides personal comfort and mobility. But its production and consumption place considerable pressures on the environment: greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions, land use, waste generation and oil spills. These pressures contribute to climate change, damage natural ecosystems and the man-made environment, and have adverse effects on human health. More

Key facts and messages
Cities, due to the high concentration of people and activities, deliver and demand goods and services that impact their own areas and regions far away. While cities in Europe contribute 69 % of the continent's CO2 emissions, an urban resident... more
Onshore wind and biomass electricity installed capacity are projected to double between 2010 and 2020, with solar photovoltaic capacity to triple over the same period. more
One-person households consume, on average, 38 % more products, 42 % more packaging and 55 % more electricity per person than four-person households. more
Consumption of bottled water has risen markedly in many European countries. The EU average was 105 litres per person in 2009 and varied from 16 litres in Finland to 189 litres in Italy. Energy is used in the manufacturing and transportation... more
In Europe as a whole, 45 % of freshwater abstraction is for cooling in energy production, followed by: agriculture, 22 %; public water supply, 21 %; and industry, 12 %. In southern Europe, agriculture accounts for more than half of total national... more
Inefficient use of water leads to higher energy use, with extra financial and environmental costs. While the energy needed to pump and treat freshwater into drinking water is typically around 0.6 kWh/m3, desalination of seawater adds approximately... more
Home energy use is responsible overall for 25 % of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union. more
When the indirect emissions are considered, greenhouse gas emissions from the residential sector double (from 12 to 25 %) and the commercial sector trebles (from 5 to 15 %). Industry jumps from 15 to 26% when indirect emissions are factored... more
Offshore wind energy capacity in Europe is projected to increase 17-fold between 2010 and 2020. more
11.7 % of energy used in the EU came from renewable sources in 2009. more

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100