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Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances


06 Nov 2007

Are ozone-depleting substances being phased out according to the agreed schedule?

The total production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in EEA member countries has decreased strongly since the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987. In 2006, consumption and production stood at 696 and 114 ODP tonnes, respectively.

Some other key findings are:

  • Polar ozone loss will remain large and highly variable in the coming decades, and the Antarctic ozone hole will persist longer than previously estimated.
  • Failure to continue to comply with the Montreal Protocol could delay or even prevent the recovery of the ozone layer.
  • UV-B radiation influences living organisms, ecosystems, and materials. In human populations it can cause severe damage to the eyes, skin cancers, and suppressions of the immune system.
  • The projected recovery of the ozone layer is sensitive to future levels and greenhouse gases and the associated changes in climate.
  • Climate change will influence the exposure of all living organisms to UV-B radiation via changes in cloudiness, precipitation, and ice cover.


Read more in recently updated indicator:

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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