Country profile - Distinguishing factors (Portugal)
Portugal is a coastal nation in south-western Europe. It consists of a mainland on the Iberian Peninsula and the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. It has a total area of 92 090 km2. The only land borders are with Spain in the east and north. Portugal has an extensive coastline − 943 km on the mainland and 917 km in the islands. Its peripheral location in European terms implies certain handicaps such as higher transportation costs and a greater distance to major markets and production centres.
Portugal is a democratic republic which was established at the beginning of the twentieth century. The origins of the Portuguese nation can be traced back to 1139.