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The aim of this technical report is to explain to a wider audience the concepts and methodologies behind different air emission accounting perspectives and the resulting emissions data at the EU level. In brief, there are three of these different accounting perspectives: territorial, production and consumption.
This report provides a summary of black carbon (BC) definitions as discussed in the air quality monitoring community. Secondly, it provides a summary of the current status of BC-related monitoring in Europe. Information presented in the report includes an overview of available measurement techniques and associated technical issues, monitoring networks and current data reporting practices.
As they grow, economies tend to use more resources. While the rising living standards that drive these trends are unquestionably welcome, they create obvious
risks. The world is a closed material system, implying finite limits on the amounts of resources available. Innovation plays a complex role in shaping the demand for and supply of resources. The impacts of intensifying
global competition for resources will therefore depend greatly on whether technological development can be
steered towards establishing more resource-efficient ways of meeting society's needs.
Driven by global population growth and associated demands for food and energy, as well as evolving
consumption patterns, the pressure on the Earth's ecosystems is continuously increasing.
Continuing depletion of natural capital
globally would not only increase pressure on European ecosystems but also produce significant indirect
effects, such as environment-induced migration.
This TERM 2013 report includes an assessment of progress towards the transport-related environmental targets set out in the 2011 White Paper and other transport and environment regulations. It also includes a focus on the environmental impacts of urban transport.
The objective of this report is to frame an analytical approach for coastal areas in Europe, and to place this in the context of the new socio‑economic drivers of sustainable growth, and the formation of a new integrated policy framework. This framework builds on an ecosystem‑based management approach and integrated spatial planning and management. The report presents some key sustainability challenges for European coastal areas and waters, and highlights the need for a consolidated knowledge base and widespread information‑sharing to support informed policy development and management actions.
Natural resources and human well-being in a green economy
The EEA has collected Member States' data on passenger car registrations, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 (CO2 from cars). All Member States reported information on CO2 emissions and the mass of cars, together with other vehicle characteristics. This data was used to evaluate the performance in 2012 of the new vehicle fleet, and its progress toward meeting the CO2 emissions target.
This report presents an overview and analysis of
air quality in Europe from 2002 to 2011. It reviews progress
towards meeting the requirements of the air quality
directives and gives an
overview of policies and measures introduced
at European level to improve air quality and
minimise impacts. An overview of the latest findings and
estimates of the effects of air pollution on health
and its impacts on ecosystems is also given.
Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets
Annual accounts for the European Environment Agency, financial year 2012
This report provide an assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy policy objectives. These targets include international commitments pursuant the KP and the EU 2020 commitment to reduce by 20 % greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to 1990, to create 20 % of energy consumption from renewables and to increase energy efficiency by 20 %. The assessment is based on GHG data for the period 2008–2012, including recent estimates of proxy 2012 GHG emissions, GHG projections until 2020 submitted by Member States in 2013, as well as energy statistics until 2011.
Data reported by companies on the production, import and export
of fluorinated greenhouse gases in the European Union
The objective of this report is to provide approximated estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU-15 and EU-28 for the year 2012. The official submission of 2012 data to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will occur in 2014.
The main objective of this study is to provide practical knowledge on the current status of the implementation of key principles of Article 9 of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), and in particular on the cost‑recovery principle.
Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export,
production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use
of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union – SUMMARY
In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.
Eionet data flow progress report
A story in the "Our Natural Europe" series
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