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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Sweden / Land use - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)

Land use - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)

Topics: ,
Key drivers and pressures of land use. Links to further national information on land use.
Land Land
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
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Last updated
23 Sep 2011
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CC By 2.5
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Published: 23 Oct 2010 Modified: 12 May 2011 Feed synced: 23 Sep 2011 original
Key message

Population changes are an important motivating force in land use.


Table 2

Load of phosphorus to the sea from different sources.
Data source
Table 2
Fullscreen image Original link

Figure 1

Population changes in population centres between 2000 and 2005, classified by size category and municipality group, changes in percent.
Data source
Figure 1
Fullscreen image Original link

Table 1

Load of nitrogen to the sea from different sources.
Data source
Table 1
Fullscreen image Original link

c) What are the related key drivers (D) and pressures (P) at national level?


Population has decreased in sparsely populated municipalities

Population changes are an important motivating force in land use. A grouping of population centres by both size, category and municipality group indicates that population increases have occurred in population centres in major city municipalities, suburban municipalities, large cities and commuting municipalities, whereas populations have declined in sparsely populated municipalities, goods-producing municipalities and other smaller municipalities.

Agriculture discharges a great deal of nitrogen and phosphorus into water

The discharge of nitrogen from agriculture, industries, clearings and municipal sewage treatment plants, along with deposition of airborne nitrogen in lakes and the sea, leads to eutrophication of the sea. Agriculture is the largest source of discharges into water with respect to anthropogenic load. The biggest gross and net contributors of nitrogen and phosphorus are agriculture and forest land.

The tables below report estimated loads of nitrogen and phosphorus in water from Swedish sources in 2006, flow normalised for the 1985–2004 period. Gross refers to the supply of water in sub-watersheds (at the source), and net refers to load to the sea (after retention). Discharges from sewage treatment plants and industries directly to the coast lack retention and are included in both gross and net loads.

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