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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Sweden / Air pollution - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)

Air pollution - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)

Topics: ,
Key drivers and pressures of air pollution. Links to further national information on air pollution.
Topic
Air pollution Air pollution
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Organisation name
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Reporting country
Sweden
Organisation website
Organisation website
Contact link
Contact link
Last updated
23 Sep 2011
Content license
CC By 2.5
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Published: 23 Oct 2010 Modified: 09 May 2011 Feed synced: 23 Sep 2011 original
Key message

Important sources of air pollution are road traffic, energy production, industry and shipping. To a large extent, long-distance transport impacts ozone concentrations.

Figures

Figure 1b

Anthropogenic PM2.5 (emission level ca 2004) due to Swedish emissions. Estimated annual mean values of PM2.5 in regional background air for emission sources in Sweden (b).

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This figure has no data source. For further information contact  EEA enquiry service.

Figure 1b
Fullscreen image Original link

Figure 1a

Anthropogenic PM2.5 (emission level ca 2004). Estimated annual mean values of PM2.5 in regional background air for emission sources in all of Europe, including Sweden (a).

Data source
This figure has no data source. For further information contact  EEA enquiry service.

Figure 1a
Fullscreen image Original link

c) What are the related key drivers (D) and pressures (P) at national level?

Important sources of air pollution are road traffic, energy production, industry and shipping. With respect to PM10, the main cause of high concentrations is road-wear particles generated by the use of studded tyres. Shipping has a major impact on both the concentration and deposition of nitrogen and sulphur and thereby affects water, air and land environments. Twenty-five percent of the atmospheric fallout of nitrogen over the Baltic Sea comes from international shipping. To a large extent, long-distance transport impacts ozone concentrations.

Sources outside Sweden are important

The concentrations of particulates (PM2.5) are affected by exhaust emissions and long-range transboundary pollution. In South Sweden more than 50 % of the anthropogenic PM2.5 present in ambient air monitored in regional background originates from sources outside Sweden. Despite the low concentrations, it is important that measures be implemented, both nationally and internationally, so that the population’s exposure to PM2.5 diminishes to improve citizens’ health. It has not been possible to establish a threshold under which no health effects arise.
 

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The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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