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Country profile - Distinguishing factors (Norway)

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Climate and Pollution Agency
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Climate and Pollution Agency
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Last updated
03 Jan 2011
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CC By 2.5
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Climate and Pollution Agency


Kingdom of Norway (Kongeriket Norge)
Mainland Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Population: 4 908100 (01 January 2010)
Population density: 12/km2 as a national average, ranging from close to 3900 /km2 in city centres, to close to 1500/km2 in cities and villages and 3/km2 in the rest of the country.
System of government: Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Member of: UN, NATO, the Council of Europe, the European Economic Area Agreement (EEA) and the Nordic Council.

Norway has a long rugged coastline which stretches over 2.500 km, broken by fjords and thousands of islands. Norway is also a mountainous country with many glaciers and some of the highest waterfalls in the world. The mountains draw Arctic terrestrial species all the way from the north to the southern part of the country.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100