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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia / Land use - State and impacts (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)

Land use - State and impacts (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)

SOER Common environmental theme from Macedonia the former Yugoslavian Republic of
Topic
Land Land
Published: 26 Nov 2010 Modified: 13 Apr 2011

Figures

Figure 2: Land cover changes (ha), period 1990-2006, according to the CLC Nomenclature

Data source
http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer-draft/countries/mk/land-use-state-and-impacts/figure-2-land-cover-changes-1/view
Figure 2: Land cover changes (ha), period 1990-2006, according to the CLC Nomenclature
Fullscreen image Original link

Map 1: Geographycal distribution of land cover changes, period 1990-2006, according to the CLC nomenclature

Data source
http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer-draft/countries/mk/land-use-state-and-impacts/map-1-geographycal-distribution-of-1/image_view_fullscreen
Map 1: Geographycal distribution of land cover changes, period 1990-2006, according to the CLC nomenclature
Fullscreen image Original link
The Republic’s total area is 25 713 km2 which, according to CORINE Land Cover (CLC) 2006, has the following land distribution:

Table 1: Land distribution, according to the CLC Nomenclature

 

Land Cover, Level 1

Percentage of total territory

1

Artificial surfaces

1.6

2

Agriculture

36.3

3

Forest and Semi-natural areas

59.8

4

Wetlands

0.1

5

Water

2.2

 

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia did not take part in CLC2000. However, the CLC1990 inventory, completed in 2000, based on the images of 1995-1996, was accepted as CLC2000. All the figures about changes presented here are based on these data.

The CLC changes between 1990 and 2006 cover an area of about 35 565 ha, which is around 1.4 % of the total area of the country.

During the period 1990-2006, the trends of increases of artificial surfaces, wetlands and water bodies and decreases of agricultural areas, forests and semi-natural areas were similar to those during the previous decade.

 

Table 2: Land cover changes (ha), period 1990-2006, according to the CLC Nomenclature

 

Class

Decrease

Increase

Total change

1

Artificial Surfaces

385

2 624

2 239

2

Agricultural Areas

7 423

4 516

-2 907

3

Forest and Semi-natural Areas

27 564

26 720

-844

4

Wetlands

60

84

24

5

Water Bodies

81

1 569

1 488

Changes in land structure connected with agriculture, as well as increases of artificial surfaces, uptake or soil sealing have negative environmental impacts. Such changes cause loss of soil as a resource supporting food production, and decrease both biodiversity and carbon sinks.

 

It is evident that the main impact is on agricultural areas, presented on Table 3.

 

Table 3: Main land cover changes, period 1990-2006,  according to the CLC nomenclature

Class from

Class to

Hectares

Agriculture areas

Artificial surfaces

1 823

Forest and semi-natural areas

Artificial surfaces

403


A more detailed view of these changes is given in the Figure 3.

Legend of Figure 3: CLC Codes description

CLC Code

Description

CLC Code

Description

112

Discontinuous urban fabric

231

Pastures

121

Industrial or commercial units

242

Complex cultivation patterns

122

Road and rail networks and associated land

243

Land principally occupied by agriculture, with significant areas of natural vegetation

131

Mineral extraction sites

311

Broad-leaved forest

132

Dump sites

312

Coniferous forest

133

Construction sites

313

Mixed forest

142

Sport and leisure facilities

321

Natural grassland

211

Non-irrigated arable land

322

Moors and heathland

221

Vineyards

324

Transitional woodland/shrub

 

The main negative impact is on complex cultivation areas (CLC Code 242) with more than 40% change from agriculture areas to artificial surfaces.

The other main change, of around 35 %, is to non-irrigated arable land (CLC Code 211).

It is interesting that a large part of the changes are to pastures (CLC code 231), where changes are to mineral extraction sites (CLC code 131) and dump sites (CLC code 132) with only a small number changed to construction sites (CLC code 133). These trends are in direct relation to the:

  • increased number of permits issued by the Ministry of Economy for exploitation of mineral sites;
  • problems in local self-government with setting-up dump sites, especially after the process of decentralisation.

Spatial distributions of these changes are shown on the Map 1.

It is evident that the biggest part of the changes occurred in the west part of the country. This corresponds to the rapid economic development in this area.

Geographical coverage

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The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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