Nature protection and biodiversity - Why care? (Latvia)
- Nature and biodiversity
Latvia’s natural environment is part of its national heritage and represents a significant resource. Coastal wetlands, wet forests, pristine bogs, and the natural habitats of animals are features of national and international importance.
A large number of natural ecosystems have been preserved in Latvia. The conservation process has been influenced by various climatic, geographic and soil-related factors and traditions and a varying intensity of economic activities. Latvia is one of the countries in Europe with the richest biodiversity and an established tradition of nature conservation. The first strict nature reserve was designated in 1912. The terrestrial biodiversity and landscapes of Latvia are significantly enriched by the coastal area of the Baltic Sea.
Healthy ecosystems and appropriate ecosystem services are recognized as essential for the promotion of the national economy and sustainable development, as indicated in the UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
 Source: Latvian National Development Plan 2007–2013