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You are here: Home / The European environment – state and outlook 2010 / Country assessments / Croatia / Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Croatia)

Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Croatia)

SOER Common environmental theme from Croatia
Published: 26 Nov 2010 Modified: 08 Apr 2011

Figures

Figure 1. Ecological network of the Republic of Croatia

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Figure 1. Ecological network of the Republic of Croatia
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The great diversity of terrestrial, marine and underground habitats has resulted in a wealth of species and subspecies with a high number of endemics. The number of known taxa (species and subspecies) in Croatia is 38,268, and they are believed to actually number between 50,000 and 100,000.

 

Table 1. Number of known and endemic taxa in Croatia

 Group

Total number of known taxa

Number of endemic taxa

% of endemic taxa

Fungi

4,500

0

0.00

Lichen

1019

0

0.00

Plants

8,871

523

5.90

Terrestrial invertebrates

15,230

352

2.31

Freshwater invertebrates

1,850

171

9.24

Marine invertebrates

5,655

0

0.00

Freshwater fishes

152

17

12.00

Sea fishes

442

6

1.36

Amphibians

20

7

35.00

Reptiles

41

9

21.95

Nesting birds/total

233/387

0

0.00

Mammals

101

5

4.95

Total

38,268

1090

2.85

         Source: State Institute for Nature Protection

Croatia is home to a considerable part of the populations of many species endangered at the European level. Based on the earlier estimate of the level of threat to the analysed plant, fungal and animal groups (vertebrates, butterflies, dragonflies, underground fauna, corals, ground beetles, stoneflies, vascular flora, lichen and fungi) there are 2,235 endangered taxa on the red list. The most highly threatened are freshwater fish, then reptiles, amphibians, dragonflies and birds [1].

Ecological network in Croatia covers 47 % of land and 39 % of sea, as well as two ecological corridors: a corridor for marine turtles and the Palagruža–Lastovo–Pelješac corridor (an area important for bird migration) and at same time represents a foundation for the EU ecological network NATURA 2000 [1].

 Protected native domesticated taxa are plant varieties or animal breeds that have evolved as a result of traditional breeding and form part of the Croatian natural heritage. Estimates have been made of threats to native breeds (at national level and according to the FAO classification), for which there is a central register, while a similar system has not been established for ancient plant varieties and estimates are made randomly. According to the criteria set by the Ordinance on the Procedure for Recognition of New Breeds, Strains and Hybrids and the Lists of Native and Protected Breeds, there are 26 native breeds of domesticed animals.

 

Table 2. State of populations of Croatian breeds                        

BREED

TOTAL NUMBER (*estimate)

STATUS

TREND

HORSES

MEĐIMURJE HORSE

37

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

CROATIAN POSAVAC HORSE

 

4,350

POTENTIALLY ENDANGERED

LIPIZZANER

 

1,224

POTENTIALLY ENDANGERED

CROATIAN COLD  BLOOD HORSE

5,334

POTENTIALLY ENDANGERED

DONKEYS:

North Adriatic donkey

Istrian donkey

Littoral Dinaric donkey

1,839

 

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

CATTLE

ISTRIAN CATTLE

789

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

SLAVONIAN SYRMIAN PODOLIAN CATTLE

 

171

 

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

BUSHA CATTLE

269

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

SHEEP AND GOATS

ISTRIAN PRAMENKA SHEEP

 

2,261

NOT ENDANGERED

RUDA (DUBROVNIK) SHEEP

491

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

PAG ISLAND SHEEP

30,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

CRES ISLAND SHEEP

 

15,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

LIKA PRAMENKA SHEEP

30,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

DALMATIAN PRAMENKA SHEEP

200,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

TZIGAI SHEEP

3,000*

POTENTIALLY ENDANGERED

KRK ISLAND SHEEP

18,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

RAB ISLAND SHEEP

6,500*

NOT ENDANGERED

CROATIAN WHITE GOAT

4,000*

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

CROATIAN SPOTTED GOAT

25,000*

NOT ENDANGERED

PIGS

TUROPOLJE PIG

173

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

BLACK SLAVONIAN PIG

1,189

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

POULTRY

ZAGORJE TURKEY

2,681

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

CROATIAN HEN

396

HIGHLY ENDANGERED

 

HONEYBEES

 

Carnolian bee (Apis mellifera carnica) (thousands of hives)

310

NOT ENDANGERED

                                                                  Source: Croatian Agricultural Agency 

 

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The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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