Climate change mitigation - Drivers and pressures (Belgium)
- Climate change
A decoupling of economic growth and primary energy consumption can be seen over the 1980-2007 period in all three regions of Belgium. However, in comparison to its neighbouring countries, Belgium scores weakly according to the Structural Indicator “energy intensity of the economy”.
Total primary energy intensity
Energy intensity measures the quantity of energy consumed by the economy to produce a production unit.
Having dropped sharply between 1980–1985, energy intensity continued to grow until 1998, when it began dropping regularly until 2002. It then increased slightly in 2003 before decreasing once again in 2006 and 2007. Energy intensity in 2007 is at the same level as in 1985 (Figure 1).
A decoupling of economic growth and primary energy consumption can be seen over the 1980-2007 period, with this often being cited as one of the objectives of sustainable development1.
This decoupling can be witnessed in all three regions in Belgium2. However, in comparison to its neighbouring countries, Belgium scores weakly according to the Structural Indicator ‘energy intensity of the economy‘ published annually by Eurostat (see http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1& plugin=1&language=en&pcode=tsien020 for details).
1 Le marché de l’énergie en 2007 – [The Energy Market in 2007], FPS Economy, Directorate-General Statistics and Economic Information
2 For more information on the situation in the Walloon Region see: http://etat.environnement.wallonie.be/index.php?mact=tbe,m787b7,default,1&m787b7what=fiches&m787b7alias=Intensite-energetique-regionale-et-sectorielle&m787b7returnid=40&page=40 and http://etat.environnement.wallonie.be/index.php?page=le-rapport-analytique-2006-2007; for more information on the situation in Flemish Region see: http://www.milieurapport.be/Upload/main/2.3_Energy%20and%20carbon%20intensity%20in%20Flanders.pdf; for more information on the situation in Brussels-Capital Region see: http://documentation.bruxellesenvironnement.be/documents/Etude_faisabilite_empreinte_activitesRBC_20081202_rptETannexes_fr.PDF (p.196-197, only French version available)
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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