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Environmental tax reform in Europe: implications for income distribution

Publication Created 25 Nov 2011 Published 09 Jan 2012
Technical report No 16/2011
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Although environmental tax reforms (ETR) tend to improve incomes across society, they can have mild regressive impacts in that richer households gain more than poorer ones. Care is needed to design ETRs in ways that ensure that certain groups are able to benefit equally. ETR's overall benefits for the economy, environment and society are potentially significant. ETR should therefore be regarded as a key element in the policymaking toolkit for shifting to a green economy.

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  • EEA (European Environment Agency)
  • Published: 09 Jan 2012

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Geographic coverage

EU32, Cyprus, Estonia, Poland, Denmark, Luxembourg, Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Latvia, Malta, Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Sweden, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Austria, Finland, Romania, United Kingdom, France, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Turkey
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