Environmental indicator report 2013
Natural resources and human well-being in a green economy
- EEA (European Environment Agency)
- Published: 20 Nov 2013
Proportion of overweight and obese adults by educational level, males Three education levels per country, male
Proportion of overweight and obese adults by educational level, females Three education levels per country, females
Net change in pesticide use Bar graph showing net change in pesticide use per country (percentage change in tonnes of active ingredients)
Per capita EU-27 consumption of meat, fish and dairy (by weight) Line graph of changes over time in consumption per capita for poultry, cheese, fish and seafood, milk, meat, pork and beef (index: 1995 = 100)
Percentage of urban population resident in areas where pollutant concentrations are higher than selected limit/target values The rationale for selection of pollutant and corresponding limit/target values for CSI 004 is given in the justification for indicator selection. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
National energy consumption by fuel The Daviz figure presents the percentage of national energy consumption provided by oil, gas, coal, nuclear, renewables and wastes
EU production of cereals Trend lines graphs for cereal production (100 million tonnes), yield (tonnes/ha.) and area harvested (10 million hectares)
Percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines The figure shows percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
Indicative map of combined environmental challenges related to land use The map captures some of the complexity of the multiple demands on land resources, with urban sprawl, agricultural intensification and land abandonment exerting pressures on biodiversity and water resources.
Summaries the overall picture of the energy system in the EU (Mtoe) The figure is a Sankey diagram which shows the composition of the primary energy entering the energy system of the EU-27 in 2011, and where this primary energy was used, either as losses or as consumption by specific sectors of the economy.
Changes in wastewater treatment in regions of Europe between 1990 and 2009 This figure illustrates the percentage population per European region connected to a waste water collection and treatment systems (UWWTPs) over the period 1990 to 2009. In addition, a breakdown by treatment type is portrayed.
Proportion of classified water bodies in different RBDs affected by pollution pressures, for rivers and lakes (left panel) and for coastal and transitional waters (right panel) The percentage is based on total number of classified water bodies. See the indicator specification for more details.
Trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption, EU-27 The figure shows the trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption.
Agriculture and land cover change 2000 - 2006 Based on Corine Land Cover 2006 and changes between 2000 and 2006, the map shows the distribution and intensity of selected Land Cover Flows (LCF) in agricultural area.
Carbon, material and water footprint for different types of meat, dairy products, vegetables and fruit The figure compares carbon, material and water footprints for selected foodstuffs (beef, butter, cheese, pork, chicken, greenhouse vegetables, rice, milk, wheat, bread, potatoes and root crop, and apple in season).
The level of green areas inside and around cities, 2006 The map shows the relation of green urban areas to the green background, i.e. it compares the mean value of green background of the city surroundings with the mean values of green urban areas of the core cities, both in [%]. Results are represented by points of different colours.
Water abstractions for irrigation, manufacturing industry, energy cooling and Public Water Supply (million m3/year) in early 1990s and the period 1997-2007 For countries included in the regions see Fig. 3 to Fig. 6 Turkey is plotted on an individual column in this graph to depict the large increase in agricultural water use, and to avoid the projection of this trend/effect on the Southern countries trend.
Net land-cover changes 2000–2006 in Europe – total area change in hectares and percentage change The figure shows the net land-cover changes 2000–2006 in Europe, total area change in hectares and percentage change.
Total ammonium concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2011 in different geographical regions of Europe The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses. If data on total ammonium are not available, data on ammonium are included into the data series.
BOD5 concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2011 in different geographical regions of Europe The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses. BOD7 data has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
News and articles
Europe’s agriculture: how to make food affordable, healthy and ‘green’ To produce food in sufficient quantities, Europe relies on intensive agriculture, which impacts the environment and our health. Can Europe find a more environment-friendly way to produce food? We asked this question to Ybele Hoogeveen who is leading a group at the European Environment Agency working on the impact of resource use on the environment and human well-being.
Competing demands on Europe's environment undermining human well-being Meeting European demands for food, water, energy and housing exerts major pressures on the environment, indirectly affecting human health and well-being. To reduce the impact of Europe's resource use, a new assessment from the European Environment Agency (EEA) reflects on integrating different policy areas and improved spatial planning.
How are the environment and our well-being and health connected? Natural resources fuel our production and consumption, and create wealth and jobs, contributing to our quality of life and well-being. But our level of resource consumption is undermining our ecosystems’ capacity to provide for us in the future.
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