Progress towards halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010
Publication Created 30 May 2006 Published 30 May 2006
Topics: Biodiversity — Ecosystems ,
EEA Report No 5/2006
This report assesses farmland, forests, freshwater ecosystems, marine and coastal systems, wetlands of international importance and mountain ecosystems in order to provide evidence of progress — or lack of progress — towards the 2010 target of halting the loss of biodiversity.
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Number of large trees (defined as >70 cm in southern and central Europe and >50 cm in northern Europe) per 100 ha for countries with available time-series data
Forest area under certification Countries are included when the area of certified forest exceeds 10 000 ha and certified forest as proportion of total forest area exceeds 5 %.
Concentrations of hazardous substances in fish from the north-east Atlantic and Baltic regions It should be noted that the lack of consistent or reliable data from the marine conventions or EEA counties inhibits adequate assessment of concentrations and trends of hazardous substances in European marine water
Total number of endangered vascular plant species and the share of endangered tree species and other endangered vascular plant species in forests
Availability of suitable white-backed woodpecker habitat in Finland for the time period when the population showed a rapid decline in numbers. Proper habitat destroyed is relative to the initial period 1956/1960
Pan-European marine ecosystems The large marine ecosystems (LMEs) project was created in support of the global objectives of Chapter 17 of Agenda 21, as a follow-up to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
Decreasing the size of clear-cuts as shown in a middle boreal forest landscape in Halsingland, Sweden
Proportion of total surface area designated only for the habitats directive, protected only by national instruments, and covered by both (sites of Community importance - SCIs) The figure shows the proportion of total surface area designated only for the habitats directive, protected only by national instruments, and covered by both (sites of Community importance - SCIs)
Regional importance of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming and the trend 1990-2000 The map shows the regional trends of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming (the input size indicates the amount of money spent on fertilisers, crop protection and concentrated feedstuff)
Population trends of agriculture-related butterfly species in prime butterfly areas Denmark and Luxembourg do not retain key butterfly species that rely on agricultural habitats.
Proposed sites of Community Importance according to the habitats directive (EU-25) pSCIs on land as percentage of country area and in marine as absolute area.
Special protection areas (SPAs) established under the EU birds directive (EU-25) As declared by Member States in the Standard Data Form (COM 97/266/EC)
Conversion processess in farmland in selected European countries between 1990 and 2000 Only title has changed from version 1.
Inter-annual variation of loggerhead turtle nesting activity (emergences and nests) at Laganas Bay, during the 19-year study period (1984-2002) The graph shows the Inter-annual variation of loggerhead turtle nesting activity (emergences and nests) at Laganas Bay
Percentage of inclusion of globally threatened species occurring in EU-25 in protected species lists of EU directives and the Bern Convention
Trends in concentration of cadmium and mercury at river stations included in the EU Exchange of Information Decision In less polluted areas in, for example, Nordic countries, concentrations of cadmium and mercury are only 10 and 1 % of these values
Forest area in Sites proposed under the Habitats Directive: Total area of forest by biogeographical region of the EU-15
Number of culled Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) and Red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the Swiss Alps and Jura mountains
EU habitats directive: sufficiency of Member State proposals for designated sites (EU-15, September 2004) As shown in the ''sufficiency'' indicator, some countries need to strengthen their contribution to Natura 2000 under the habitats directive
Trends in EU farmland bird populations in some EU countries between 1980 and 2003 based on 24 characteristic bird species
Trends in intensity of farming for selected types of farms (derived typology) between 1990 and 2000 in EU-12 The numbers in brackets indicate the area share of each farm type in total utilised agricultural area in 2000.
Proportion of total surface area designated under the birds directive, protected only by national instruments and covered by both (special protection areas - SPAs) The figure shows the proportion of total surface area designated under the birds directive, protected only by national instruments and covered by both (special protection areas - SPAs)
Trends in birds and butterfly populations in EU-25 (% decline) The number in brackets show the number of species taken into account for each habitat type
Summary of trends in winter nitrate and phosphate concentration, and N/P ratio in the coastal waters of the North Atlantic (mostly Celtic Seas), the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean and the North Sea, 1985-2003 Trend analyses are based on time series 1985-2003 from each monitoring station having at least 3 years data in the period 1995-2003 and at least 5 years data in all
Share of targeted agricultural habitat types (dependent on extensive farming practices) within Natura 2000 sites
Regional water abstraction rates for agriculture (million m3/year) during 2000 The map illustrates the IRENA 22 sub-indicator that estimates regional water abstraction rates for agriculture, calculated by weighting national reported water abstraction rates by regional irrigable area
The EU Natura2000 network of designated areas (both SPAs and SCIs) across biogeographic regions SPA = Special Protected Areas
Overlap between areas with high poverty and high population density and areas with high biodiversity
Map of distribution of Ramsar sites within the EEA member countries (open circles), indicating sites designated to protect threatened species (green) The locations of designated Ramsar sites are shown on this map as circles which are not related to the scale of the designated wetlands.
Agricultural land in proposed sites of Community Interest (pSCIs) under the habitats directive, as a proportion of the total areas designated as pSCI sites
Distribution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds (cattle, pig, sheep, goat and poultry) in EU-15 Distribution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds
Relative population size of water bird species for 1989-2002 within Ramsar sites Relative population size is based on the mean of combined population levels
Number of survey sites in England and Scotland with otter evidence, and numbers of otters in Denmark, Latvia and the Netherlands
Change in ecological status of Ramsar sites within the EEA member countries according to national reports to the Ramsar Convention
Number of salmon returning to the rivers in England, France and Scotland since the 1970s England: River Thames
Relation between plant diversity decline and plant productivity, expressed in hay yield, in various grassland types in Europe
Land cover change from 1990 to 2000 expressed as % of the 1990 level, aggregated into EUNIS habitat level 1 categories The table shows the land cover changes expressed as % of the 1990 level - aggregated into EUNIS habitat level 1 categories.
Concentrations of total ammonium, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrate and orthophosphate in European rivers between 1992 and 2002 Concentrations are average of the annual average concentrations per year
Development of mean plot concentration in open-field measurements of sulphate (SO4, 285 plots), nitrate (NO3, 294 plots), and ammonium (NH4, 294 plots); 1996-2001
For references, please go to http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2006_5 or scan the QR code.
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