Agriculture and environment in EU-15 - the IRENA indicator report
EEA Report No 6/2005
- EEA (European Environment Agency)
- OPOCE (Office for Official Publications of the European Communities)
- Published: 19 Jan 2006
- EEA_report_6_2005.pdf [22.3 MB]
Regional map showing the share of organic farming area in total UAA in 2000 The map shows the share of agricultural land under organic farming in 2000, illustrating that organic farming is particularly widespread in Sweden and Austria and also relatively common in Finland, Denmark, Italy as well as some regions of Spain and Scotland.
Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture 1990-2002 (EU-15 Member States) indexed relative to 1990 emission levels Emissions from agricultural transport and energy use are excluded, as these sectors are not defined as part of the agriculture sector by the current IPCC guidance.
Share of organic farming area (sum of organic and in-conversion area), certified under Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91, in total UAA The UAA total for Finland, Greece and United Kingdom in 2002 is estimated on the basis of previous years.
National share of Natura 2000 habitats that depend on a continuation of extensive farming practices within Natura 2000 sites
Regional importance of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming and the trend 1990-2000 The map shows the regional trends of low-input, medium-input and high-input farming (the input size indicates the amount of money spent on fertilisers, crop protection and concentrated feedstuff)
Trend in farmland bird population index from 1990-2002 in EU-11 Bird population index trend data is obtained from the EU-15 Member States except Finland, Greece, Luxembourg, and Portugal.
Regional map of soil cover (%) by crops 2000 The map illustrate the soil cover by percentage crops in 2000 on the regional European level, showing that in Italy, Denmark, Germany, northern Sweden and Portugal the soil is covered, on average, around 70% of the year
Regional distribution of dominant livestock types (expressed as livestock unit/ha UUA) and the change 1990-2000 Livestock patterns can be expressed in livestock units per ha UAA, in order to indicate the stocking density and show the distribution of a livestock type in a region
Changes in cereal yields for selected farm types between 1990 (EU-12) and 2000 (EU-12) The numbers in brackets show the share of agricultural area (%) managed by the farm type in 2000
Regional water abstraction rates for agriculture (million m3/year) during 2000 The map illustrates the IRENA 22 sub-indicator that estimates regional water abstraction rates for agriculture, calculated by weighting national reported water abstraction rates by regional irrigable area
Important bird areas classified as threatened by agricultural intensification The map shows the distribution of important bird areas (IBAs) that are considered as threatened by agricultural intensification according to the information published by BirdLife International
Regional distribution of cattle, sheep and pig livestock units (LU) per ha of UAA in 2000 and change from 1990-2000 The map illustrate the overall livestock densities at NUTS 2/3 level
Projections of ammonia emissions to 2020 for the EU-15 The NH3 2010 emission ceiling under the NEC directive for the EU-15 is 3 110 kt.
National nitrogen balances for 2000 split into major input and output components The country name followed by (EEA) indicates balances that have been calculated by the EEA on the basis of EU level data sets.
Regional map of the area of cultivated grain maize (2000) and the area of irrigated grain maize in France, Greece, Italy and Spain (2000) The collection of actual water use (intensity) trends at the farm level is not feasible and trends in the irrigable area (i.e
Annual abstractions from the aquifer (left) and water-level recovery (right) - La Mancha Occidental, Upper Guadiana basin
Regional distribution of milk yields in 2000 and change from 1990-2000 The map shows that milk production potential in the EU-15 increases from south to north due to a number of physical factors
Share of farmland (UAA) under agri-environment schemes in 2002 The 'landscape and nature' category only includes the area under new agri-environmental contracts signed in 2000-2002 under Regulation (EC) 1257/1999 (equivalent to a total of 8.2 million ha) because the data is not available for the 'old' schemes.
Share of utilised agricultural area under agri-environment schemes in 2001 The map shows the share of utilised agricultural area (UAA) under agri-environment schemes in 2001
Regional distribution of dominant farm types by specialisation and the trend 1990-2000 The map shows the regional distribution of dominant farm types by specialisation
Trends in the share of agricultural land managed by low-input, medium-input or high-input farm types Farm types are defined as follows: Low-input farms spend less than 80 Euro per ha per year on fertilisers, crop protection and concentrated feedstuff
Annual soil erosion risk by water based on estimates of annual soil loss (aggregated results at NUTS2/3 level) The map is based on The Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assessment (PESERA) model, which uses a process-based and spatially distributed model to estimate soil erosion risk by water across Europe
Population trends of agriculture-related butterfly species in prime butterfly areas Denmark and Luxembourg do not retain key butterfly species that rely on agricultural habitats.
Trends in intensity of farming for selected types of farms (derived typology) between 1990 and 2000 in EU-12 The numbers in brackets indicate the area share of each farm type in total utilised agricultural area in 2000.
Annual trends in the concentrations of nitrates (mg/l) monitored in groundwater (1993 to 2002) The numbers in brackets indicate the number of groundwater bodies.
Change in aggregated emissions of methane and nitrous oxide (ktonnes CO2 equivalent) from agriculture 1990-2002 (EU-15 Member States) Emissions from agricultural transport and energy use are excluded, as these sectors are not defined as part of the agriculture sector by the current IPCC guidance.
Share of gross farm income derived from agri-environment payments (2000) The map shows the variation in the regional distribution of the share of agri-environment payments in gross farm income
Production of renewable energy from agricultural sources (EU-15) Production of renewable energy from agricultural sources
Regional importans of the dominant agricultural land uses and the trend 1990-2000 The map shows the regional distribution of three major agricultural land uses in 2000 and the change from 1990 to 2000; arable land, permanent grassland, permanent crops
Total EAGGF-Guarantee expenditure by type of rural development measure (2003) TheEAGGF-Guarantee fund provides most but not all EU support for rural development measures
Share of agricultural land under organic farming in 2000 The map shows the share of agricultural land under organic farming in 2000, illustrating that organic farming is particularly widespread in Sweden and Austria and also relatively common in Finland, Denmark, Italy as well as some regions of Spain and Scotland.
National gross nitrogen balances in 1990 and 2000 In Belgium (Flanders) the first calculation is for 1998: in Sweden and Portugal the first calculations are for 1995
Estimated share of agriculture in total nitrogen leaching to surface waters in 1995 The dark green line represents the average share of agriculture in nitrate contamination across nine EU Member States
Distrubution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds (cattle, pig, sheep, goat and poultry) in EU-15 Distrubution of the endangered risk status of national main livestock breeds
Regional share of Natura 2000 habitats that depend on a continuation of extensive farming practices within Natura 2000 sites The map shows that only a few NUTS areas have more than 50% share of targeted agricultural habitats within their Natura 2000 sites
Trend in farmland bird population index from 1980-2002 in EU-11 The population trend before 1990, even if estimated with a statistical model, relies on data from three Member States only (denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom)
Share of agricultural area (UAA) enrolled in agri-environment schemes (1998-2002) The data include agri-environment contracts under the predecessor Regulation (EC) 2078/1992 and contracts signed in 2000-2002 under the current Regulation (EC) 1257/1999.
Estimated organic carbon content (%) in the surface horizon (0-30 cm) of soils in Europe The map shows the estimated organic carbon content (%) in the surface horizon (0-30 cm) of soils in Europe
Change in land use from agriculture to artificial surfaces as a percentage of agricultural area (in 1990) mapped using a 3 km grid The map shows the changes in land use from agriculture to artificial surfaces as a percentage of agricultural area (in 1990)
Share of the EU-15 agricultural sector in total greenhouse gas emissions (2002) National share of the agriculture sector in total greenhouse gas emissions (2002) Emissions from agricultural transport and energy use are excluded, as these sectors are not defined as part of the agriculture sector by the current IPCC guidance
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