Use of cleaner and alternative fuels (CSI 037/TERM 031) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Transport (Primary topic)
Typology: Policy-effectiveness indicator (Type D)
- CSI 037
- TERM 031
Key policy question: Is EU's progress towards promoting cleaner and alternative fuels satisfactory?
- The specifications for low-sulphur fuels (maximum of 50 ppm in 2005) are met in all EU-27 Member States. In 2006, there is already a significant share of zero-sulphur fuels in the EU as many Member States have introduced incentives to promote these fuels ahead of the mandatory deadline (maximum of 10 ppm in 2009).
- The penetration of biofuels is still relatively low, reaching 2.9 % in the EU-27 in 2007. However, this share has increased by almost 1 % from 2006 to 2007, in view of the 5.75 % objective for 2010.
Low and zero-sulphur fuel use (%)
Note: No data available for Bulgaria, Malta and Romania.
European Commission, 2008. Quality of petrol and diesel fuel used for road transport in the European Union - Fifth annual report (Reporting year 2006) [COM(2008) 799].
Final energy consumption in the transport sector
Energy statistics (sirene), Eurostat
A reduction in the sulphur content of petrol and diesel fuels is expected to have a large impact on exhaust emissions as it will enable the introduction of more sophisticated after-treatment systems.
All member states have abandoned the sale of regular (350 ppm sulphur) petrol and diesel fuel. The combined penetration of low and zero-sulphur fuels in the EU-27 has reached 100 % in 2006, meaning that the specifications for petrol and diesel in 2005 are met.
In view of the 2009 (10 ppm) mandate, many Member States have introduced incentives to promote zero-sulphur fuels. Some member states (Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary and Sweden) are already offering only zero-sulphur fuel. At the other end of the scale, some other member states (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Luxembourg, Slovenia and the United Kingdom) do not yet offer zero-sulphur fuels in their markets.
The share of biofuels in the EEA-32 in 2007 was relatively low, accounting for 2.7 % of all petrol, diesel and biofuels sold for transport purposes. This share has almost quadrupled over the past four years; however more effort is needed to reach the 5.75 % objective by the end of 2010. Germany has by far the highest share (11 %) of biofuels sold in its market.
Transport statistics (Eurostat)
provided by Eurostat - Statistical Office of the European Union (ESTAT)
More information about this indicator
See this indicator specification for more details.
Contacts and ownership
EEA Contact InfoCinzia Pastorello
EEA Management Plan2009 2.10.2 (note: EEA internal system)
Frequency of updates
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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