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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Transport emissions of greenhouse gases / Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 002) - Assessment published Jan 2011

Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 002) - Assessment published Jan 2011

Generic metadata

Topics:

Transport Transport (Primary topic)

Climate change Climate change

Tags:
transport indicators | greenhouse gas emissions | transport
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
Indicator codes
  • TERM 002
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2008
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How did greenhouse gas emissions from transport evolve?

Key messages

In the EEA member countries, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from transport (excluding international air and maritime transport) increased by 25 % between 1990 and 2008. The EU-15 Member States make up 80 % of the total EEA area transport emissions and they increased by 20 % in the same period. In the 3 EFTA countries the emissions increased by 23 % while in the EU-12 Member States the increase was 55 %. In the Candidate Countries (CC-2) the emissions increased by 81 %.

For several of the EU-15 Member States and EFTA countries, rapidly rising GHG emissions from transport are a serious concern for meeting the Kyoto target.

In the EU Member States, domestic aviation was the fastest growing transport mode, while rail transport was the fastest decreasing one. Also GHG emissions from international aviation and navigation are increasing rapidly, but these emissions are, in accordance with UNFCCC guidelines, not included in the GHG emission totals relevant for the Kyoto targets.

In the EU-15 Member States, the transport sector was responsible for 21 % of the total EU-15 GHG emissions in 2008, while in the 12 new EU Member States the transport sector contributed only by 13 % to the total EU-12 GHG emissions.

Total GHG emissions from transport

Note: EU-15 refers to 15 old EU Member States prior to May 2004 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), EFTA-3 to the three EFTA countries (Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), New EU-12 to 12 new EU Member States as of January 2007 (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) and CC-2 to the two candidate countries Turkey and Iceland.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Change in total GHG emissions from transport

Note: EU-15 refers to 15 old EU Member States prior to May 2004 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), EFTA-3 to the three EFTA countries (Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), New EU-12 to 12 new EU Member States as of January 2007 (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) and CC-2 to the two candidate countries Turkey and Iceland.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Key assessment

In the EU-15 member countries emissions of GHGs from transport have increased by 20 % between 1990 and 2008, contributing to a fifth (21 %) of the total GHG emissions in 2008 in the EU-15. CO2 is the main contributor to transport GHG emissions (99 %) and road transport is, in turn, the largest contributor to these EU-15 emissions (93 % in 2008). Road transport and air transport are the fastest growing contributors to transport GHG emissions between 1990 and 2008. Transport is also a rapidly growing source of N2O emissions (31 % between 1990 and 2008). As it is not a large source of N2O (share in total EU-15 GHG emissions 0.2 %), it does not have a major impact on the overall trend of total EU-15 GHG emissions.

The EFTA-3 countries (Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) together account for 3 % of the total GHG emissions from transport in the EEA-32 area. The GHG emissions from transport in these countries were 23 % above the 1990 levels in 2008.

In the EU-12 Member States transport GHG emissions increased by 55 % in between 1990 and 2008, as a consequence of increased road transport demand. CO2 is the most important GHG, with 98 % share on total EU-12 GHG emissions from the transport sector. These CO2 emissions increased by 55 % between 1990 and 2008. Road transport is a small, but rapidly growing source of N2O emissions (+116 % between 1990 and 2008), due to the penetration of three-way catalysts.

GHG emissions from transport in the EU-15 show a different trend than in the EU-12, where emissions increased strongly in the last years. Within the EU-15 emissions started to stabilise in the last years. For the EU-27, this results in an overall increase between 1990 and 2008 of 24 %. In 2008, GHG emissions from transport decreased for the first time (-2 % compared to 2007). Main reasons were very high international oil prices along with economic recession and increased use of biofuels.

GHG emissions from transport in the candidate countries Turkey and Iceland increased by 81 % between 1990 and 2008. The increase is due to road transportation and domestic aviation. The CC-2 countries account together for 5 % of the GHG emissions from transport in the EEA area.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Cinzia Pastorello

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 2.9.2 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
Document Actions
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100