Transport emissions of air pollutants (CO, NH3, NOx, NMVOC, PM10, SOx) by mode
Assessment made on 01 Nov 2005
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
- TERM 003
Policy issue: Meet EU and/or international emission reduction targets for 2010
Emission of acidifying substances from transport decreased by 34% between 1990 and 2003 in the EEA32. The introduction of both catalytic converters and reduced sulphur in fuels have contributed substantially to this reduction, offsetting the pressure from increased road traffic in the same period. Decreases between 1990 and 2003 in the different country groupings were: 37% in EU25, 38% in EU15, 34% in EU10, 95% in AC2+CC2 and 34% in EFTA4. The proportion of emissions emitted from the different country groupings in 2003 was: 72% in EU15, 11% in EU10, 13% in AC2+CC2 and 3% in EFTA4.
Emissions of ozone precursors from transport decreased by 40% between 1990 and 2003 in the EEA32. Reductions have occurred mainly because of increased penetration of diesel and of catalytic converters for road vehicles. Decreases were slightly larger in the EU15 (45%), less in the EU10 (27%), AC2+CC2 (26%) and larger in the EFTA4 (44%). The proportion of emissions emitted from the different country groupings in 2003 was: 35% in EU15, 39% in EU10, 32% in AC2+CC2 and 26% in EFTA4.
Emissions of particulate matter from the transport sector decreased by 30% between 1990 and 2003 in the EEA32 (and 34% in EU25). EEA32 emissions of total primary PM10 and secondary PM10 precursors were reduced by 41% over the same period. The reduction has been achieved largely as a result of the continued penetration of catalytic converters and other improvements to vehicle technology, reducing the emissions of secondary particulate precursors. Decreases were similar in the EU15, EU10 and EFTA4 (34%, 28% and 34% respectively), but smaller in AC2+CC2 (11%). The proportion of emissions emitted from the different country groupings in 2003 was: 74% in EU15, 11% in EU10, 12% in AC2+CC2 and 3% in EFTA4. There is still only limited data available on primary particulate emissions for EU10 and only Croatia has reported PM10 data for AC2+CC2.
For more information see the attached pdf. document.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
PDF generated on 29 Nov 2015, 04:46 PM