Personal tools

next
previous
items

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Specific air pollutant emissions / Specific air pollutant emissions (TERM 028) - Assessment published Apr 2009

Specific air pollutant emissions (TERM 028) - Assessment published Apr 2009

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Transport Transport (Primary topic)

Tags:
transport
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
Indicator codes
  • TERM 028
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: Is the reduction in specific emissions consistent with the stricter emission standards?

Key messages

The specific emissions of air pollutants from passenger and freight transport decreased during the time period 1995-2007 for the majority of transport modes and especially for passenger transport. The highest reduction of specific emissions can be observed in the road sector, following the implementation of increasingly strict emission standards. Railway and aviation have also recorded reductions, while maritime passenger and freight transport emissions remained approximately constant over the same time period. Rail and water transport are still relatively clean forms of transport - compared to road and air transport - but without any regulations on their emissions, these modes might lose this leading position.

TERM28 Modelled specific emissions of NOx per passenger-km or tonne-km and per mode of transport

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (that is EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) and Croatia, while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TERMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

TERM28 Modelled specific emissions of VOC per passenger-km or tonne-km and per mode of transport

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (that is EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) and Croatia, while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TERMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

TERM28 Modelled specific emissions of PM per passenger-km or tonne-km and per mode of transport

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (that is EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) and Croatia, while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TERMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

TERM28 Modelled specific emissions of CO per passenger-km or tonne-km and per mode of transport

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (that is EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) and Croatia, while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TERMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • Road remains by far the most polluting passenger transport mode with respect to CO and VOC specific emissions, even though it recorded the highest decreases (69 and 44 % for CO and VOC emissions respectively) from 1995 to 2007 compared to the other modes. As regards NOx specific emissions, road passenger transport emits about the same as air transport and about one third and one fourth of the specific emissions from maritime and rail transport respectively. Road is also the most polluting freight transport mode for all pollutants (with the exception of PM), although the specific emissions decreased from 35 to 64 % over the same period.
  • Rail is the generally the cleanest mode of transport for most pollutants. Specific NOx and PM emissions of rail transport have decreased considerably from 1995 to 2007, mainly due to the trend towards electric powered trains, especially for passenger traffic. Specific emissions from trains depend critically on the technical level and the method of energy production used. The emission factors for electricity production represent the airborne pollutants incurred during the whole production and supply process from fuel extraction to electricity transport to the sub-stations feeding the railway network. This indicates that the focus in the future should be in controlling emissions from power generation, along with implementing the engine economy and emission control technology, which has already advanced.
  • Maritime shipping is the cleanest mode of freight transport, except for PM and specific sulphur oxide (SOx) emissions, which are the highest for shipping (and aviation), mainly due to the high sulphur content of bunker fuels. However, maritime shipping remains the most polluting passenger transport mode with regard to the specific NOx and PM emissions. The emissions generated by the maritime fleet are largely dependent on the quantity of fuel consumed; however, there are several factors besides fuel consumption, which influence the emissions generated. These include the fuel quality and the engine type. In particular, SOx and PM emissions are influenced by the quantity of sulphur within the fuel. In the future, emission reductions are expected from waterborne transport, mainly as a result of improved fuel quality and engine technology. EU legislation setting more stringent limits for sulphur content in fuel oils will greatly contribute to the expected emission reductions. To this end, the European Commission proposed 'A European Union strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions from seagoing ships'.
  • It should be noted that the significant reductions in the emissions of all pollutants from road transport are mainly attributed to technological improvements and policy measures resulting from the strict emission standards imposed. On the other hand, the emissions from the other modes of transport are not subject to any emission control regulations, which would result in emission reductions similar to those from road transport.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Cinzia Pastorello

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 2.9.2 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled once per year in October-December (Q4)
Filed under:

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100