Species of European interest (SEBI 003/CSI 007) - Assessment published May 2010
Biodiversity (Primary topic)
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
- SEBI 003
- CSI 007
Key policy question: What is the conservation status of species of Community interest?
Key messagesAround half of the species of Community interest (those species which, within the territory of the European Union are listed in Annexes II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive) have an unfavourable conservation status, with variation across biogeographic regions (1).
There are still significant gaps in knowledge, especially for marine species.
(1) The reporting format uses three classes of Conservation Status. 'Good' (green) signifies that the species or habitat is at Favourable Conservation Status (FCS) as defined in the Directive and the habitat or species can be expected to prosper without any change to existing management or policies. In addition, two classes of 'Unfavourable' are recognised: 'Unfavourable-Bad' (red) signifies that the habitat or species is in serious danger of becoming extinct (at least locally) and 'Unfavourable-Inadequate' (amber) is used for situations where a change in management or policy is required but the danger of extinction is not so high. The unfavourable category has been split into two classes to allow improvements or deterioration to be reported. (Assessment, monitoring and reporting under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive: Explanatory Notes & Guidelines DRAFT 2 January 2006).
Species of European interest — conservation status by biogeographical region
Note: In the Alpine region, more than 25 % of species have a 'favourable' status and more than 20 % have an 'unfavourable' or 'bad' status.
- Conservation status of habitat types and species (Article 17, Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC) provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Unfavourable status is most frequently reported for the species in the marine Baltic region and the continental region (100 and 70 %, respectively).
The variation amongst species groups is limited, but amphibians appear to be most threatened, with nearly 70 % having an unfavourable conservation status. In most cases, the trend information was not available. For many species, recovery to a favourable conservation status will take considerable time. The next evaluation, due in 2013, will help assess the efficiency of the Directive.
Figure 1 and Map 1 are based on assessments of species as listed in Annexes II, IV and V of the Directive. Member States are required to assess each species in each biogeographical zone in which it exists in the country. A regional assessment has been calculated based on the Member State assessments.
- About species of European interest: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/legislation/habitatsdirective/index_en.htm.
- About biogeographical regions: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/sites_hab/biogeog_regions/index_en.htm.
- About conservation status assessment: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/knowledge/rep_habitats/index_en.htm#csa.
Conservation status of habitat types and species (Article 17, Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC)
provided by Directorate-General for Environment (DG ENV) , European Environment Agency (EEA)
More information about this indicator
See this indicator specification for more details.
Contacts and ownership
EEA Contact InfoKatarzyna Biala
EEA Management Plan2010 (note: EEA internal system)
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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