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Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Species in dry grasslands

Species in dry grasslands

Topics: ,

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata

Classification

Biodiversity Biodiversity (Primary theme)

DPSIR: State

Identification

Indicator codes
Geographical coverage:

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Contents
 

Policy issue:  How is grassland biodiversity developing?

Key messages

  • A wide scale of species, ranging from orchids to butterflies, inhabit grasslands.

Figures

Key assessment

Wild herbs, orchids, wild grazing animals, butterflies, reptiles, and birds are all threatened by the loss and change of use of grassland areas. Dry grasslands are the most threatened type of grassland, containing many specialist species which need dry, well-lit conditions to thrive, including:

  • Butterflies: of Europe's 576 butterfly species, 71 are under threat. Half of these inhabit grasslands, with one third limited to dry or mesic grasslands.
  • Orchids: between a third and a half of all orchid species in the Benelux and France inhabit dry or mesic grasslands, with a high proportion either highly vulnerable or close to extinction.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100