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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable primary energy consumption / Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Apr 2012

Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Apr 2012

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
renewable energy | energy | energy consumption
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 030
  • ENER 029
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2009
Geographic coverage:
Austria Belgium Bulgaria China Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland India Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption is increasing in Europe?

Key messages

The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GIEC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.2% in 1990 to 9% in 2009. The main contributor is biomass and wastes (6.1% of the GIEC in 2009), followed by hydro (1.7%) and wind (0.7%). The gross inland energy consumption from renewable increased by 4.1%/year on average over the period 1990-2009 and by 7.1%/year from 2005 to 2009 (+5.8% in 2009). Despite the decrease of the gross energy inland consumption during the last years, the share of renewable continues to grow.

 In 2009, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland energy consumption in EU-15 was 9%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.

 In non EU EEA countries the share of renewable in gross inland energy consumption reached 19.7% in 2009. The gross inland energy consumption increased by 2.5%/year since 1990, of which 1.1%/year for the renewable consumption. For the most recent years the gross inland energy consumption increased by 3%/year, of which 1.6%/year for the renewable consumption

Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27

Note: Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption, annual data:

  • All products
  • Renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)
  • Rrenewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)
  • Renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2009, EU-27

Note: Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2009, EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption:

  • all products  - annual data.
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  • renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Note: The figure shows the annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption

  • all products  - annual data.
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  • renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at:http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Share of renewable energy in total gross inland energy consumption (in %)

Note: The table shows the share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption (in %)

Data source:

Eurostat for EU countries, Turkey, Norway and Switzerland. IEA for others

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption:

  • all products  - annual data
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  •  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Table available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

IEA. Total primary energy supply by product: IEA: http://data.iea.org/IEASTORE/DEFAULT.ASP

 

Downloads and more info

Share of RE in GEIC, compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2009)

Note: Share of RE in GEIC, compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2009)

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption

  • all products  - annual data.
  •  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  •  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

renewable energy in GEIC

  • The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross inland energy consumption (GIEC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.2 % in 1990 to 9 % in 2009. Between 1990 and 2009 the total renewable energy consumption more than doubled in the EU-27 (+116% corresponding to an average growth rate of 4.1 %/year). Wind and solar PV showed very high annual growth rates between 1990 and 2009 of 31% and 45.3 %respectively, followed by solar thermal with 12.3%.
  • The fastest progression in the share of renewables in total gross inland energy consumption  since 2005 was mainly observed in countries such as Austria (+6.5 percentage points), Sweden (+5.8 percentage points), Germany (+3.6 percentage points) and Spain (+3.5 percentage points) (Table 1).
  • Between 1990 and 2009, the non-EU EEA countries[1] showed an increase of 23 % in total renewable energy consumption (annual average growth rate of 1.1%/year). Given the rapid progression of the total gross inland energy consumption in these countries (+60%), mainly driven by Turkey, the share of renewable energy in GIEC decreased from 25.7 % in 1990 to 19.7 % in 2009. Around 55% of the renewable energy consumption is hydropower, followed by biomass and waste, which account for approximately 23% of the renewable energy consumption in non-EU EEA countries, and geothermal with 19% (2009).


[1] Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey

Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increasing in Europe?

Specific assessment

renewable energy from biomass and waste in GEIC

  • In 2009, renewable energy from biomass and waste accounted for the largest share in total renewable energy (around 70 %) and the largest in GEIC (6.1%). Between 2005 and 2009, the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increased by 35 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 7.8 %.  Wood and wastes represented the bulk of biomass and wastes consumption in the EU-27 with 71% of the total in 2009, followed by municipal wastes with 13% and biofuels and biogas with 8%.

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from hydro increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    renewable energy from hydro in GEIC

    • In EU 27 as a whole, hydropower consumption increased by 7% over the period 2005-2009 at an average annual growth rate of 1.8 %. Hydropower production has fluctuated substantially in recent years as a result of changing rainfall patterns. In 2009, the share of hydropower was 18.5 % of total renewable energy and 1.7 % of GEIC in the EU-27. Energy consumption from hydropower is not expected to increase significantly in the future due to environmental concerns and a lack of suitable sites. For example, the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) places a strong emphasis on achieving a good environmental status of European rivers, hence future construction of new hydro-power plants (particularly small-scale hydro) will need to take these constraints into account  (see Figures 1 and 3).
    • In 2009, hydropower was mainly produced in 4 countries in the EU-27: Sweden (20% in 2009), France (17%), Italy (15%) and Austria (12%). In non EU EEA countries Norway is the main hydro producer.

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from wind increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    renewable energy from wind in GEIC

    • Between 2005 and 2009, wind energy in the EU-27 grew by 89% at an annual growth rate of 17.2 %. This development was largely due to strong growth in Spain and Germany, which together accounted for more than 60 % of all the EU-27 wind production in 2009 (respectively 28.4% and 29.1%). Wind power is a fast-growing energy source, and this trend is expected to continue throughout the EU-27, particularly as offshore developments take off. At present however, wind energy accounts for only 0.7 % of EU-27 GEIC and 7.5 % of renewable energy consumption in the EU-27 in 2009 (see Figures 1 and 3).

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from solar increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    renewable energy from solar in GEIC

    Between 2005 and 2009, renewable energy from solar (both PV and solar thermal) in the EU-27 was multiplied by a factor 3, at an average annual growth rate of 32 %. Solar thermal energy developments in Austria, Germany and Greece benefited greatly from proactive government policy coupled with subsidy schemes and communication strategies that emphasised the benefits of solar thermal. In 2006, Spain passed a law making solar panels compulsory in new and renovated buildings [1]: this resulted in very strong progression from 2006 to 2009 (28% in 2006, 65% in 2007, 157 % increase in 2008 and 93% in 2009). Almost 70% of the solar output in 2009 came from two countries, Germany with 40% and Spain with 28%; these countries are followed by Greece (8%) and Italy (6%). In most Member States solar energy comes from solar thermal energy, rather than electricity generated from photovoltaic cells (PV). At present the use of PV cells is limited due to relatively high production and installation costs, but represent a medium- to long-term opportunity as costs are beginning to fall (JRC, 2004). In 2010, Spain had the largest photovoltaic power station in the world (60 MWp Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park), which was completed in 2008. Germany is on the top of installed capacity with 17,370 MW (almost two thirds of the whole EU-27 capacity) and also for installed capacity per capita with 212 W[2]. Solar energy accounted for 1.6 % of total renewable energy consumption and only 0.1 % of GEIC in 2009 (see Figures 1 and 3).


    [1] Approved in March 2006, through Royal Decree 314/2006 of 17 March 2006, requires all new or renovated buildings to cover 30%-70% of the domestic hot water demand with solar thermal energy.

    [2] Photovoltaic energy barometer 2011 – EurObserv’ER

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from geothermal increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    renewable energy from geothermal in GEIC

    • Between 2005 and 2009, the consumption of geothermal energy (both electricity and heat) increased by 9 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 2.2 %. The use of geothermal schemes depends on the quality (temperature and density) of the heat available. Geothermal energy contributed only 3.8 % to renewable energy consumption and 0.3 % of GEIC in the EU-27 in 2009, with Italy accounting for around 82 % of the total amount of consumed geothermal energy (see Figures 1 and 3).

    Data sources

    More information about this indicator

    See this indicator specification for more details.

    Contacts and ownership

    EEA Contact Info

    Mihai Florin Tomescu

    Ownership

    EEA Management Plan

    2011 2.8.1 (note: EEA internal system)

    Dates

    Frequency of updates

    Updates are scheduled once per year in October-December (Q4)

    Comments

    European Environment Agency (EEA)
    Kongens Nytorv 6
    1050 Copenhagen K
    Denmark
    Phone: +45 3336 7100