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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable primary energy consumption / Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Aug 2011

Renewable primary energy consumption (CSI 030/ENER 029) - Assessment published Aug 2011

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
renewable energy | energy | energy consumption | csi
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 030
  • ENER 029
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2008
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption is increasing in Europe?

Key messages

The share of renewable energy sources in gross inland energy consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4% in 1990 to 8.4% in 2008. The main contributor is biomass and wastes (5.8% of the GEIC), following by hydro (1.6%) and wind (0.6%). Because the gross inland energy consumption of the EU-27 increased by 8.3% between 1990 and 2008, some of the environmental benefits (e.g. reductions in GHG emissions and air pollution) brought about by an increased share of renewable energy sources were offset.

In 2008, the share of renewable energy in total gross inland consumption in EU-15 was 8.6%, hence a significant effort will be needed to meet the indicative target of 12 % share of renewables by 2010.

Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27

Note: The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption, annual data:

  • All products
  • Renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)
  • Rrenewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)
  • Renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008, EU-27

Note: The figure shows the total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008. The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption:

  • all products  - annual data.
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  • renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Note: The figure shows the annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption

  • all products  - annual data.
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  • renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Tables available at:http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption (in %)

Note: The table shows the share of renewable energy in total gross energy inland consumption (in %)

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption:

  • all products  - annual data
  • renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  •  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

Table available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

IEA. Total primary energy supply by product: IEA: http://data.iea.org/IEASTORE/DEFAULT.ASP

 

Downloads and more info

Share of RE in GEIC, compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2008)

Note: Share of RE (RE: renewable energy) in GEIC (GEIC: gross energy inland consumption), compared to target in COM(97) 599 final (%, in 2008). The White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) sets an indicative target of 12 % of renewables in total GEIC in the EU-15 by 2010. The contribution of renewable energy sources to GEIC in EU-15 was 8.6 % in 2008, falling significantly short of the 12% indicative target

Data source:

Eurostat 2010.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption

  • all products  - annual data.
  •  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data.
  •  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data.

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010 (see Figures 1,2,3).
  • The fastest progression in the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption in the last five years is observed in Sweden (+6.9 points compared to +2.4 points for the EU-27), Austria (+6.5 points), Denmark and Germany (+4.7 points) (Table figure 4).
  • Between 1990 and 2008 the total renewable energy consumption more than doubled in the EU-27 (+108% corresponding to an average growth rate of 4.2 %/year). The progression was much more rapid in recent years, as it increased to around 7%/year from 2003 to 2008 (see Figure 3). Wind and solar PV showed very high growth rates between 1990 and 2008 of respectively 32% and 46.2 %, followed by solar thermal with 11.5%.
  • The non-EU EEA countries[1] showed a moderate increase (21 % or 1.1%/year) in total renewable energy consumption between 1990 and 2008. Given the rapid progression of the total gross energy inland consumption in these countries (+61%), mainly driven by Turkey, the share of renewable energy in GIEC decreased from 25.7 % in 1990 to 19.3 % in 2008. Almost 60% of the renewable energy consumption is hydropower, followed by biomass and waste, which account for approximately 26% of the renewable energy consumption in non-EU EEA countries, following by geothermal with 13%.


[1] Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey

Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increasing in Europe?

Specific assessment

    • In 2008, renewable energy from biomass and waste accounted for the largest share in total renewable energy (around 70 %) and the largest in GEIC (5.8%). Between 1990 and 2008, the share of renewable energy from biomass and waste increased by 139 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 5 %. Biomass and wastes are used to produce electricity and heat and as biofuels for transport. It is also seen as one of the main areas for future growth in renewable energy.
    • The more rapid increase in renewable energy from biomass and waste was mainly observed from 2003 to 2008, with an average annual growth of 8%.
    • Wood and wastes represent the bulk of biomass and wastes consumption in the EU-27 with 68% of the total in 2008, followed by municipal wastes with 14%, biofuels with 11% and biogas with 7%.

 

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from hydro increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • In EU 27 as a whole, hydropower consumption increased by 12.1 % over the period 1990-2008 at an average annual growth rate of 0.6 %. Hydropower production has fluctuated substantially in recent years as a result of changing rainfall patterns. In 2008, the share of hydropower was 18.6 % of total renewable energy and 1.6 % of GEIC in the EU-27. Energy consumption from hydropower is not expected to increase significantly in the future due to environmental concerns and a lack of suitable sites. For example, the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) places a strong emphasis on achieving a good environmental status of European rivers, hence future construction of new hydro-power plants (particularly small-scale hydro) will need to take these constraints into account (link with the workshop report on methodology to assess the small-scale hydro potential ) (see Figures 1 and 3).
        In 2008 the total hydropower consumed increased by 5.6% (after 0.5% in 2007).

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from wind increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Between 1990 and 2008, wind energy in the EU-27 grew by a factor of 152 at an annual growth rate of 32.2 %. This development was largely due to strong growth in Spain and Germany, which together accounted for more than 60 % of all the EU-27 wind production in 2008 (respectively 27% and 34% of the EU production). Wind power is a fast-growing energy source, and this trend is expected to continue throughout the EU-27, particularly as offshore developments take off. At present however, wind energy accounts for only 0.56 % of EU-27 GEIC and 6.7 % of renewable energy consumption in the EU-27 (see Figures 1 and 3).

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from solar increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Between 1990 and 2008, renewable energy from solar (both PV and solar thermal) in the EU-27 was multiplied by a factor 11.3, at an average annual growth rate of 14.4 %. Solar thermal energy developments in Austria, Germany and Greece benefited greatly from proactive government policy coupled with subsidy schemes and communication strategies that emphasised the benefits of solar thermal. In 2006, Spain passed a law making solar panels compulsory in new and renovated buildings (this resulted in a 157 % annual increase in 2008, 65 % in 2007, compared to 28 % in 2006). Most of the solar output in 2008 came from Germany (43%), Spain (20%) and Greece (10%). In most Member States solar energy comes from solar thermal energy, rather than electricity generated using photovoltaic (PV) cells. At present the use of PV cells is limited due to relatively high production and installation costs, but represent a medium- to long-term opportunity as costs are beginning to fall (JRC, 2004). Solar energy accounted for 1.1 % of total renewable energy consumption and only 0.1 % of GEIC in 2008 (see Figures 1 and 3).

    • Between 2007 and 2008 solar energy grew by 36.7 % (27.9% in 2007), a much faster pace than preceding years.

    Specific policy question: How fast is the share of renewable energy from geothermal increasing in Europe?

    Specific assessment

    • Between 1990 and 2008, the consumption of geothermal energy (both electricity and heat) increased by 81 % in the EU-27, at an average annual growth of 3.4 %. The use of geothermal schemes depends on the quality (temperature and density) of the heat available. Geothermal energy contributed only 3.8 % to renewable energy consumption and 0.3 % of GEIC in the EU-27 in 2008, with Italy accounting for around 86 % of the total amount of consumed geothermal energy (see Figures 1 and 3).

    Data sources

    More information about this indicator

    See this indicator specification for more details.

    Contacts and ownership

    EEA Contact Info

    Mihai Florin Tomescu

    Ownership

    EEA Management Plan

    2010 2.8.1 (note: EEA internal system)

    Dates

    Frequency of updates

    Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
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