Personal tools

Subscriptions
Sign up to receive our reports (print and/or electronic) and quarterly e-newsletter.
Follow us
Twitter icon Twitter
Facebook icon Facebook
YouTube icon YouTube channel
RSS logo RSS Feeds
More

Write to us Write to us

For the public:


For media and journalists:

Contact EEA staff
Contact the web team
FAQ

Call us Call us

Reception:

Phone: (+45) 33 36 71 00
Fax: (+45) 33 36 71 99


next
previous
items

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable electricity consumption / Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Aug 2011

Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Aug 2011

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
electricity | renewable energy | energy | csi | consumption
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 031
  • ENER 030
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2008, 2010
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How fast the share of renewable electricity in total gross electricity consumption is increasing in Europe?

Key messages

In 2008, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 16.7 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. Renewable electricity has grown up by 3.3%/year since 1990 (4.1%/year since 1999, 2.6%/year before). Hydropower accounts for 58% in renewable electricity production, following by wind 20.9%, biomass and wastes 19% (1% for photovoltaic and geothermal). Despite good progress, only two countries have already met the indicative national target and three are very close, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.

 

Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2008 and 2007-2008

Note: Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2008 and 2007-2008. The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2007-2008 were observed for photovoltaic (97%/year), wind (13 %/year) and biomass (7 %/year)

Data source:

Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption (%) 1990-2008 and 2010 indicative targets

Note: The data for World, Africa, Middle East, China, India, Russia and the United States are extracted from the EIA-database from the US DOE. These figures slightly differ from the Eurostat data. The renewable electricity share in Norway is above 100% in some years because a part of the (renewable) electricity generated domestically is exported to other countries. No 2007-2008 data available for Iceland, 2006 data were used

Data source:

Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database 

IEA Data Services, Electricity and Heat Generation. http://data.iea.org/IEASTORE/DEFAULT.ASP

EIA (Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy). World Total Net Electricity Generation. http://www.eia.doe.gov/

Downloads and more info

Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2008

Note: Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2008. The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy. Large hydropower plants have a capacity of more than 10 MW.

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

 

  • Since 1999, renewables increased their contribution to meeting the electricity consumption in EU-27. The share in gross electricity consumption in 2007 was 16.7 % compared to 11.9 % in 1990 (see Table 1). Renewable electricity production grew by 81 % or 3.3%/year between 1990 and 2008 (see also ENER027) - faster than the growth in overall electricity consumption (a 33 % increase over the same period, see also ENER018). On average, the share of large hydro in gross electricity consumption has declined since 2002, mainly as a result of lower rainfall and the rapid penetration of wind. Nevertheless, hydropower still dominates renewable electricity production in most Member States with an approximate share of 58 % across the EU-27 in 2008, compared to 21% for wind, 19 % for biomass and waste, and the remainder from solar PV (1.3 %) and geothermal (1 %). The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2007-2008 were observed for photovoltaic (97%/year), wind (13 %/year) and biomass (7 %/year) (see Figure 1).

  • There are significant differences in the share of renewables in electricity consumption between the EU-27 Member States. These reflect differences in the availability of natural resources in each country, as well as the policies chosen to support the development of renewable energy. Amongst the EU-27, Austria (62 %), Sweden (55.5 %) and Latvia (41%) had the greatest shares of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in 2008; if large hydropower is excluded. Denmark shows the largest share of non hydro renewable electricity (about 29 %), followed by Austria and Portugal with 16%, and Finland and Spain with 14%[1]. The non-EU EEA countries Norway and Iceland both have about a 100 % share of renewable electricity due to a large contribution of hydropower and also geothermal for Iceland.



    [1] In Finland and Austria, the dominant source of non hydro electricity  is biomass, whereas in Spain and Portugal this is wind.  In Denmark it is more balanced.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Mihai Florin Tomescu

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2010 2.8.1 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
Document Actions

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100