Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Energy (Primary topic)
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
- CSI 031
- ENER 030
Key policy question: How fast the share of renewable electricity in total gross electricity consumption is increasing in Europe?
Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007
Note: Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007. According to the renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC), the overall EU-27 target is a share of 21.0 % of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption by 2010. In 2007, the share was 15.6 %. Within the EU-27, only Germany, Denmark and Hungary have already reached their targets and according to the latest progress report, EU-27 is likely to miss the 2010 target.
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes) - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic) - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007
Note: Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
- In recent years, renewables increased their contribution to meeting the electricity consumption in EU-27. The share in gross electricity consumption in 2007 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9 % in 1990 (see Table 1). Renewable electricity production grew by 68 % between 1990 and 2007 (see also ENER 27) - faster than the growth in overall electricity consumption (a 32.8 % increase over the same period, see also ENER18). On average, the share of large hydro in gross electricity consumption has declined since 2001, mainly as a result of lower rainfall. Nevertheless, hydropower still dominates renewable electricity production in most Member States with an approximate share of 59.0 % across the EU-27 in 2007, compared to 19.4 % for biomass and waste, 19.8 % from wind, and the remainder from geothermal (1.1 %), and solar (0.7 %). The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2006-2007 were observed for photovoltaics (51.4 %), wind (26.7 %) and biomass (13.3 %) (see Figure 1).
- Some difference can be observed between relative growth rate developments of PV and wind technologies. The relative growth rate of PV in 2005-2006 was 71.4 % but in 2006-2007 it decreased to 51.4%. However, the absolute growth in 2006-2007 (1.3 TWh) was larger than in 2005-2006 (1.0 TWh). For wind, the relative growth rate increased in both periods (2005-2006 was 16.8% while for the period 2006-2007 the relative growth rate was 26.7%). Similar with developments in the PV sector, the absolute growth in wind was larger in 2006-2007 (21.9 TWh) than in 2005-2006 (11.8 TWh).
- There are significant differences in the share of renewables between the EU-27 Member States. These reflect differences in the availability of natural resources in each country, as well as the policies chosen to support the development of renewable energy. Amongst the EU-27, Austria (59.8 %), Sweden (52.1 %) and Latvia (36.4 %) had the greatest shares of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in 2007 if large hydropower is included. Denmark showed the largest share of renewable electricity (29 %) when large hydropower is excluded. The non-EU EEA countries Iceland and Norway both have about a 100 % share of renewable electricity.
Renewable electricity consumption (IEA)
provided by International Energy Agency (IEA)
provided by US Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Energy statistics (Eurostat)
provided by Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
More information about this indicator
See this indicator specification for more details.
Contacts and ownership
EEA Contact InfoMihai Florin Tomescu
EEA Management Plan2009 2.9.1 (note: EEA internal system)
Frequency of updates
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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