Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
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Energy (Primary topic)
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B – Does it matter?)
- CSI 031
- ENER 030
Key policy question: How fast the share of renewable electricity in total gross electricity consumption is increasing in Europe?
Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007
Note: Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007. According to the renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC), the overall EU-27 target is a share of 21.0 % of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption by 2010. In 2007, the share was 15.6 %. Within the EU-27, only Germany, Denmark and Hungary have already reached their targets and according to the latest progress report, EU-27 is likely to miss the 2010 target.
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes) - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic) - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007
Note: Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007
Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database
- In recent years, renewables increased their contribution to meeting the electricity consumption in EU-27. The share in gross electricity consumption in 2007 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9 % in 1990 (see Table 1). Renewable electricity production grew by 68 % between 1990 and 2007 (see also ENER 27) - faster than the growth in overall electricity consumption (a 32.8 % increase over the same period, see also ENER18). On average, the share of large hydro in gross electricity consumption has declined since 2001, mainly as a result of lower rainfall. Nevertheless, hydropower still dominates renewable electricity production in most Member States with an approximate share of 59.0 % across the EU-27 in 2007, compared to 19.4 % for biomass and waste, 19.8 % from wind, and the remainder from geothermal (1.1 %), and solar (0.7 %). The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2006-2007 were observed for photovoltaics (51.4 %), wind (26.7 %) and biomass (13.3 %) (see Figure 1).
- Some difference can be observed between relative growth rate developments of PV and wind technologies. The relative growth rate of PV in 2005-2006 was 71.4 % but in 2006-2007 it decreased to 51.4%. However, the absolute growth in 2006-2007 (1.3 TWh) was larger than in 2005-2006 (1.0 TWh). For wind, the relative growth rate increased in both periods (2005-2006 was 16.8% while for the period 2006-2007 the relative growth rate was 26.7%). Similar with developments in the PV sector, the absolute growth in wind was larger in 2006-2007 (21.9 TWh) than in 2005-2006 (11.8 TWh).
- There are significant differences in the share of renewables between the EU-27 Member States. These reflect differences in the availability of natural resources in each country, as well as the policies chosen to support the development of renewable energy. Amongst the EU-27, Austria (59.8 %), Sweden (52.1 %) and Latvia (36.4 %) had the greatest shares of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in 2007 if large hydropower is included. Denmark showed the largest share of renewable electricity (29 %) when large hydropower is excluded. The non-EU EEA countries Iceland and Norway both have about a 100 % share of renewable electricity.
Renewable electricity consumption (IEA)
provided by International Energy Agency (IEA)
provided by US Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Energy statistics (Eurostat)
provided by Eurostat - Statistical Office of the European Union (ESTAT)
More information about this indicator
See this indicator specification for more details.