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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable electricity consumption / Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010

Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010

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Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
electricity | renewable energy | energy | csi | consumption
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 031
  • ENER 030
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2007, 2010
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: How fast the share of renewable electricity in total gross electricity consumption is increasing in Europe?

Key messages

In 2007, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. The substantial increase in the total amount of renewable electricity generation (up by 68% since 1990) was partially off-set by the increase in electricity consumption. Between 2006 and 2007, the electricity production from wind increased by 26.7% and that from photovoltaics increased by 51.4%. Despite good progress, only three countries have already met the indicative national target, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.  

 

Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007

Note: Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2007. According to the renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC), the overall EU-27 target is a share of 21.0 % of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption by 2010. In 2007, the share was 15.6 %. Within the EU-27, only Germany, Denmark and Hungary have already reached their targets and according to the latest progress report, EU-27 is likely to miss the 2010 target.

Data source:

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - all products  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables and wastes (total, solar heat, biomass, geothermal, wastes)  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Eurostat.  Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption -  renewables (hydro, wind, photovoltaic)  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

Downloads and more info

Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007

Note: Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity consumption (EU-27) for 1990-2007 and 2006-2007

Data source:

Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database

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Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption (%) 1990-2007 and 2010 indicative targets

Note: Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption (%) 1990-2007 and 2010 indicative targets. No 2007 data available for Iceland, 2006 data were used. The data for World, Africa, Middle East, China, India, Russia and the United States are extracted from the EIA-database from the US DOE. These figures slightly differ from the Eurostat data.

Data source:

Eurostat. Energy statistics: Supply, transformation, consumption - electricity  - annual data. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/energy/data/database 

IEA Data Services, Electricity and Heat Generation. http://data.iea.org/IEASTORE/DEFAULT.ASP

EIA (Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy). World Total Net Electricity Generation. http://www.eia.doe.gov/

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • In recent years, renewables increased their contribution to meeting the electricity consumption in EU-27. The share in gross electricity consumption in 2007 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9 % in 1990 (see Table 1). Renewable electricity production grew by 68 % between 1990 and 2007 (see also ENER 27) - faster than the growth in overall electricity consumption (a 32.8 % increase over the same period, see also ENER18). On average, the share of large hydro in gross electricity consumption has declined since 2001, mainly as a result of lower rainfall. Nevertheless, hydropower still dominates renewable electricity production in most Member States with an approximate share of 59.0 % across the EU-27 in 2007, compared to 19.4 % for biomass and waste, 19.8 % from wind, and the remainder from geothermal (1.1 %), and solar (0.7 %). The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2006-2007 were observed for photovoltaics (51.4 %), wind (26.7 %) and biomass (13.3 %) (see Figure 1).
  • Some difference can be observed between relative growth rate developments of PV and wind technologies. The relative growth rate of PV in 2005-2006 was 71.4 % but in 2006-2007 it decreased to 51.4%. However, the absolute growth in 2006-2007 (1.3 TWh) was larger than in 2005-2006 (1.0 TWh). For wind, the relative growth rate increased in both periods (2005-2006 was 16.8% while for the period 2006-2007 the relative growth rate was 26.7%). Similar with developments in the PV sector, the absolute growth in wind was larger in 2006-2007 (21.9 TWh) than in 2005-2006 (11.8 TWh).
  • There are significant differences in the share of renewables between the EU-27 Member States. These reflect differences in the availability of natural resources in each country, as well as the policies chosen to support the development of renewable energy. Amongst the EU-27, Austria (59.8 %), Sweden (52.1 %) and Latvia (36.4 %) had the greatest shares of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in 2007 if large hydropower is included. Denmark showed the largest share of renewable electricity (29 %) when large hydropower is excluded. The non-EU EEA countries Iceland and Norway both have about a 100 % share of renewable electricity.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Mihai Florin Tomescu

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2009 2.9.1 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
Document Actions

Comments

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100